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Aleut RavenNii}u}im Tunugan Ilakuchangis
Introduction to Atkan Aleut
Grammar and Lexicon

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Special Phrases

(a) With a- be.

Taya}us uchiitila{ hnu{tanas. The men visited the teacher (in the past).

Uchiitila{ hnu{tanas anas. Some visited the teacher.

Uchiitila{ hnu{tana{ aa{ta{. Let us visit the teacher.

Taya}us hnu{tagaa. The men visited him (in the past).

Hnu{tanam agaa. Someone visited him.

Hnu{tanam aagaa. Let us visit him.

Achuu}izalaka{. He never answers.

Ana{ mal achuu}izalaka{. There is nobody to answer.

Adaa}ach{isxaduukalaka{. He will (probably) not be let ashore.

Ana{ mal adaa}ach{isxaduukalakan a{taku{. Apparently no one is going to be let ashore.

Mayaa}ilaka{. He does not trap (foxes).

Mayaa}iku{ alaka{. There is no occasion for trapping.

Qichiti{ agulaka{. He does not make money.

Wahligan qichiti{ aguku{ alaka{. Here nobody can make money.

Uuquchiingis kavkaanalakaq. I do not trap foxes.

Uuquchiingis kavkaanakung alaka{. I have no foxes to trap.

Qalaka}ing. I do or did not eat it.

Qakung alaka{. Asla qakung alaka{. I have nothing to eat.

Hi{taqadakung. I have already said it.

Hi{takung aqadaku{. I have nothing more to say. 

Ilaan awa{ ukulaka}ing. I do or did not find work there.

Ilaan awa{ ukukung alakan. I can not find work anywhere.

Tanadgusim hadan huyana}ulaq. I did not go to the village (in the past).

Masxangaan tanadgusim hadan huyakung ana}ulax (hitana}ulax). It was (became) impossible for me to go to the village.


(b) With ma- do, etc.

Quyu}ikuq. I am lying down.

Quyu}ihli{ makuq. I just lay down (without sleeping)

I}anaasakung. I scolded him.

I}anaasahli{ maqa{tazakung. I usually just scold him (without spanking him)

Awaqaliikakuq. I can or may start working.

Awaqaliikang masxaku{. It is time for me to start working.

Aniqdus quyuch{iikakuq. I can or may put the children to bed.

Aniqdus quyuch{iikang masxaku{. It is time for me to put the children to bed.

Quyuch{iikaning masxakus. It is time for me to put them to bed.

Quganam kugan akuq. I am (stand) on the rock.

Kugan aakang mataku{. It is such that I can stand upon it.

Chalizaku{. He fishes (with a line) at each place.

Chalizanaan mas (Chalizanaamis) haqaku{. He comes fishing ("doing his fishing" at several places).


(c) With liida- resemble, etc.

Aniqdudix yaxtakus. They love their children.

Aniqdudix yaxtana{ liidakus. They seem to love their children.

Yaxtana{ liidakungis. They seem to love them.

Chi{taakaku{. It can, may be raining; it should be raining.

Chi{taakana{ liidaqaliku{. It now looks like it is going to

Kitu{ kugan akuu. There is a louse on it.

Uku}aa kitu{ kugan ana{ liidaza{. (The flower) looks like having a louse on it.

Ayuxtalgaakaku{. One=We should go out (fishing).

They seem to love them. It looks like we could go out.

Ana}i{ ukuduukalaka}is. They will probably not find anything.

Ana}i{ ukuduuka}ulax hisxagas a{takus. They were prevented from finding anything.

Ana}is mana{. He did something.

Ana}is mana{ txin hitana{. He pretended to do something.


(d) With haga- come.

Qaatukuq. I want to eat, I am hungry.

Qaatung haqaku{. I become hungry.

Qa{ anuxtakuq. I want fish.

Qa{ anuxtang haqaku{. I get a craving for fish.

Tutalgadazulax (Tutalgada}ulas) They are never heard.

Tutalgadangizulax txidix haqaqalikus. They begin to become inaudible.


(e) With i}amana- be good, etc.

Hingan ayaga{ uku}aku{. That woman is looked at (we look at that woman)

Hingan ayaga{ uku}aa i}amanaku{. That woman is good looking.

Uku}ang i}amanamaku{. I am good looking, too.

Ha}u{ ha}u}aku{. The pack is carried (we carry the pack).

Ha}u{ ha}u}aa kayagnaku{. The pack is heavy to carry.

Kumsi}ang kayagnaku{. I am heavy to lift (hold lifted).

Isu}is kalunaa{sxakus. (One tries =) We try to shoot seals.

Isu}is kalunaa{sxangis kayu}nakus. Seals are difficult to shoot.

Ulu{ chaquxsxaku{. Meat is chewed (we chew meat)

Ulu{ qam ilagaan chaquxsxaa tunga}za{. Meat is harder to chew than fish.

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Last modified August 14, 2006