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Aleut RavenNii}u}im Tunugan Ilakuchangis
Introduction to Atkan Aleut
Grammar and Lexicon

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ALEUT- ENGLISH
DICTIONARY

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qa well!

Qa, hingamaqadaa{t! Well, would you stop it!

qaada{ dolly varden

Qaada{ atxazakuq. I caught a dolly varden.

qaagu{ scrap; rubbish

Qaagum angunaa mitiku{. She swept lots of rubbish.

qaagudgusi{ garbage can

Qaagudgusi{ ch{atich{ilakan hyutida. Empty the garbage can before it is too full.
garbage

qaala{s to mock

Agitaadaan qaala{taku{. He made fun of his friend.

qaala}naa{s mocking

Qaala}naa{s tunu{taku{. He is talking mockingly.

qaalu{ urine

Qaalunu{ agu{taku{. It smells like urine.

qaahngaliqda{ uvula

Qaahngaliqdaa uku{taaqaan. Look at his uvula.

qaasis silverware

Qaasis imis tayakuq. I bought you some silverware.

qaataa where

Qaataa sapuuging? Where are my shoes?

qaatagaan beside

Qaatagaan malgaku{ alaka{. There is nothing to do beside that.

qaatul wanting to eat

qaatunal good to eat

Qaatugalikuq. I am getting hungry.

Qalgada{ qaatunaku{. The food is delicious.

eating

qaatuu}ix sides

qaatuu}ikix its sides

Udam qaatuu}ikix qayaku{. The sides of the bay are steep.

qach{i{ skin; bark; peel

qach{iluxs sores; rough skin

qach{izigal good, smooth skin

hyaagam qach{ii tree bark

apalsiinam qach{ii orange peel

Qach{ii angalitu}ulax. His skin is dark.

Taya}u{ qach{ilugiku{. The man has sores.

Asxinu{ qach{idigaku{. The girl has smooth skin.

qach{il to feed

Aniqdu{ qach{iku{. He/she is feeding the baby.

Sabaakaan ngaan alqu{ qach{it. What did you feed your dog?

qach{ul covering

Ulam kangaa qach{ukus. They are covering the roof.
fixing roof

qachima{ thigh

Qachimang nanaku{. My thigh hurts.

qachuqi{ shark

Qachuqim qach{ii sngaax liidaza{. The shark's skin is like sandpaper.

qadgil penetrate

Ay{aasi{ han}is qadgiku{. The boat went through or penetrated the waves.

qadgis put through

Qugana{ ukuusxi{ qadgil sadaadan a}aku{. The rock went through the window to the outside.

qadu{ scab

Kitang isii txin qadul}iku{. The cut on my foot has a scab on it.

qagaa hadaa east

qaganguda}an eastward

qagaa}i{ eastern

qagaanul go eastward

Qagaa hadaa a{tal sla}uku{. The wind is blowing from the east.

Suna{ qaganguda}an ay{aku{. The ship is going eastward.

Qagaa}i{ ulam hadan huyakuq. I am going to the easternmost house.

Qagaanul a{taku{ haman. He went toward the east.

qagaanus put lengthwise

qagaatxal too much to the east

Hyaaga{ qagaanutida. Set the board lengthwise.

Slaa qagaatxaku{. The wind is too much to the east.

qagangaa front of boat

Ay{aasim qagangaa qayaku{. The front of the boat is high.
boat

qagal crack

Hyaaga{ qagalaku{. The wood is crackling.

qagal}i{ nail; claw

Chagan qagal}ii aduku{. His nails are long.

qagama{ cartilage

Qawam qagamaa tunga}ilaka{. The sea lion's cartilage is soft.

qagida{ horned puffin

Qagida{ uxchu{ liidaza{. The horned puffin looks like a tufted puffin.

qagmangi{ emperor goose

goose

Qagmangi{ inkamii}um qusan iga{taku{. A goose is flying over a cloud.

Qagmangi{ quganam kugan aku{. The emporor goose is on the rock.

qagna{ bone; shell

sam qagnaa the duck bone

Saahmlam qagnaa quhmaku{. The eggshell is white.

qaxati{ slingshot

Qaxati{ su{tal sa{ as{atiku{. He killed a duck with his slingshot.

qaxchikda{ black

qaxchikdatil getting dark

Taya}um imlii qaxchikdaku{. The man's hair is black.

Qaxchikdatiku{. It is getting dark (night).

Asu{ txin qaxchikdatiku{. The pot is getting black (from smoke).

qa{sal slip; slide

Qa{ chang ilaan qa{sal itiku{. The fish slipped from my hand and fell.

qa}al to thank

qa}aasal to thank for

Txin qa}al hitil angali{. He thanked him and left.

Qa}aasakung. I thank you.

qa}anaaza{ fun; joy

Qa}anaaza{ malgaku{. There are lots of fun things to do.

qa}anilakan to get angry

Txin qa}anilakan hitiku{. He got angry and left.

qa{ fish

fish

qanaa{s to fish

qanul smell of fish

qatxa}il to get fish

qasil fishing

Qa{ tagadal aguun qaatunaza{. When a fish is fresh, it is delicious.

Qa{ aku{. It is a fish.

Qanaa{s slunaq. I went fishing this summer.

Qanu{ agu{taku{t. You smell like fish.

Taya}u{ qatxa}iku{. The man caught a fish.

caught a fish

Qasil sluku{. He went fishing this summer.

qakal to be dry

qakatil to dry

qakadgul to dry several

qakayal to try to dry

Ch{uu}im huzungis txidix qakatikus. All the clothes got dry.

Hudas qakal aguun aqis taxsada. If the fish are dry, take them off and put them away.

Qam hudaa txin qakatiku{. The fish that was drying is dry.

Hudas qakadgul sluku{. She dried fish this summer.

Chahmas ch{uu{s aqadaaming qakayal angaliq. I dried the dishes after I washed them.

Lukamachit qakayaku{. He is drying his gloves.

qakiida{ silver salmon

Qakiida{ haanu{ liidaza{. A silver salmon looks like a red salmon.

qaklaxs dry; brittle

xliibam qaklagii dry hard bread

taganim qaklagingis hail

Xliiba{ qaklagiku{. The bread is hard and dry.

cutting bread

qakung in there

qakuu}al to reach in there

qakuunul to go in there

qakuutxal deep (ie: bag)

Qakuligan aku{. He is in there.

Ay{aasi{ udam qalan qakuu}aku{. The boat reached the inside of the bay.

Qakuunul qakung unguchida. Go in there and sit down.

Uda{ qakuutxaku{. The bay is deep.

qal to eat; bite

qalgada{ food

qazul good eater

Chugi{talakan qalgadaan qal inatida. Be quiet and finish your food.

qaqamii}ul hunting (for food)

qaqatul heavy eater

Taya}u{ qaqamii}uku{. The man is hunting (for food).

Qagatul hagumaku{. He is usually a heavy eater.

Hla{ qa{ qal qila{si{. The boy ate the fish this morning.

Qas qal qila{sis. The fish were biting this morning.

Qalgada{ imis agulgal aguun al}ulakan qada. If they give you food, don't hesitate to eat.

Agaludigaku{ mal qazuza{. He is a good eater because he has good teeth.

good teeth

qala bottom (of boat, etc.)

qala{tal have as bottom, purport

Buchuunika{ qalaan hnuku{. The barrel's contents is almost gone (reaches its bottom).

Qala{tanaa haqatalaka}ing. I don't know what kind of bottom the boat has.

qala}il being numerous

An}a}inas qala}ikus. There are lots of people.

qaluxs pass across

Chi}ana{ qalugikuq. I am going across the river.

qalus hot springs

Qalus ilan ting taangal}itakuq. I am soaking in the hot springs.

qaluu}i{ inner; interior

qamagi{ stingray (family Dasyatidae)

Qamagi{ chagi{ hizax liidaza{. The stingray looks a lot like a halibut.

qamchiing eight

qamchiing sisa{ eight hundred

qamchiingidim eight times

qamchiingidim hati{ eighty

qamchiing chaasxis eight cups

eight cups

Qamchiingidim hati{ an}a}inas wang akus. There are eighty people living here.

qamdal be deep

qamdaatii its depth

qamdaatal be as deep as

Ala}u{ qamdaku{. The ocean is deep.

Qamdaatii sanalaka{. It is not deep enough.

Fuuta{ qamdaataku{. It is a foot deep.

qamix eyebrows

An}a}inam huzuu qami}iku{. All people have eyebrows.

qamti{ shoulder blade

Qamtiim sitxan nana}iku{. He has pain underneath his shoulder blade.

qahma{ crouch; stride

qahma{tal straddling

Kanaagum qusan qahmada. Stride across the stream.

qahmigi{ door

door

Qahmigi{ chachil hachitida. Close the door and lock it.

Qahmigi{ hachi{taku{. The door is locked.

qanan which

qanang where

qanaax from where

Qanaa}al? Where is he now?

qanahligan where

qanaanul to go where

qanayaam when

Qanahligan suna{ al? Where is the ship?

Qanaanuumis? Where are you going?

Qanayaam uku{taqaan? When did you see it?

qanasi{ slit in seal hide (for holding)

Ulum da}an qanasi{ aku{. There is a holder in the meat.

qan'gi{ winter

qan'gaax in the winter

qanaxs doing in winter

qanikinga spring

Qan'gi{ haqaku{. Winter is coming.

Qan'gaax qingana{ malgaza{. It is cold in the winter.

Mayaa{s qanagnaq. I trapped during the winter.

Qanikinga haqaku{. Spring is coming.

qaniigi{ snow

qaniixtul lots of snow

qaniigim ay{aasii sno-go

qaniigim sapuugii snow shoes

snow shoes

Qaniigi{ Apriilam agalaan maazaqadaza{. The snow melts after April.

Ulas quchxingis qaniixtukus. There is lots of snow between the houses.

Wayaam qaniigim ay{aasii alamasukuq. I probably need a snow machine now.

Qaniigim sapuugii udaadan su}amaakaku{. We should use snow shoes around here too.

qankus three

qankul get three

qankudim three times

qankudim hati{ thirty

Qankus uuquchiingis qakus. The three foxes are eating.

three foxes

Isu}i{ qankul sa}anaq. I got three seals yesterday.

Qankudim hati{ slu{taku{. She is thirty years old.

qangal be cooked; ripen

qangas to burn

Ulu{ qangaku{. The meat is cooked.

A}adgim qangatxaa udi}iza{. Sunburn is very painful.

qanglaa}i{ raven

Qanglaa}i{ mikaku{. The raven is playing.
playing raven

qanglagil curious

qanglaxtal to be curious about

Qanglagna{ as{ada{. Curiosity kills.

Haman qanglaxtaku{. He is curious about it.

qangli{ shoulder

qanglal pack on shoulder

Taya}u{ qangliim kugan hyaaga{ ha}u{taku{. The man is packing wood on his shoulder

Hyaaga{ qangla{tal aygagasaku{. He is packing wood on his shoulder.

qangul enter

qangutil bring in

qanguusal go in with; bring in

Hmiichi{ qangutida. Bring in the ball.

Iklas qanguusada. Bring in the wood.

qahngu{ seaweed

Chaliilu}im kadan qahngus hanikakus. There is seaweed floating in front of the fishing place.

qaqa}i{ pacific loon

Qaqa}i{ tununaa tutalgaqa{. The cry of the loon was heard.

qasal to surface

qasaxtal to stay above water for some time

qasamixs to bob up and down from the water

qasanisal to wait for game (ie: seal coming up from the water)

Isu{ qasaku{. The seal surfaced from the water.

Taya}u{ isu}i{ qasanisaku{. The man is waiting for a seal to come up.

qasxal to laugh

Kaagnanaa}il aqadaam qasxal txin as{ani{taku{. She was teasing and laughed very hard.
laughing

qasluxs to argue

Ayagas qaslugikus. The women are arguing.

qasma{ scale of fish

Qam qasmangis aqitida. Take the scales off of the fish.

qatxaya{ winter wren

Qatxaya{ sakucham chuqudaa a{. A wren is a small bird.

qatxuuya{ shirt

Qatxuyaan aqitida. Take your shirt off.

qati{ crack

Hyaaga{ qatituku{. The wood has big cracks.

qawa{ sea lion

qawaada{ young sea lion
sea lion

Qawa{ ala}um ilagaan qasaku{. The sea lion surfaces (from the sea).

Qawaada{ qalgaa qaatunaku{. A young sea lion is good eating.

Qawalangi{ Eastern Aleut

Umnagim an}a}inangis qawalangis hiila{tazas. The people of Umnak are called Qawalangis.

qayal high

qayalakan low

qaya{ hill

qan'gim qayaa leap year

qayaatii height

qayaatal to be as high as

qayala{silakan very high

Qaya{ qayaku{ hangaatunalaka{. The hill is high and hard to climb.

Qaya{ hangalagaa{t imis hi{taangan a{takuq. I told you not to climb the hill.

Qan'gim qayaa malgaku{. It is leap year.

Qayaatii atxitida. Measure its height.

Taya}u{ qayaataku{. He is as tall as the man.

Hingan ula{ qayala{silakan. That building is very high.

qayu{ retrieving line

Qayu{ su{tal isu{ qayuda. Retrieve the seal with the retrieving line.

qich{il hang up for drying

qich{ital keep hung up

ch{uu}is qich{itada keep the clothes hanging

Achuna{ malgaku{ ch{uu}is qich{il angaliq. It was windy when I hung up the clothes.

windy clothes

qichi}il sharp

qichi}lakan not sharp; dull

Ukinang qichi}ilaka{. My knife is dull.

qichil go around

qichili{tal to feel dizzy

qichiti{ money

Agitaadaan agiital qichiku{. He is going around with his friend.

Aniqdus txidix agiital qichikus. The children are going around with each other.

Qichili{ta{ tutakuq. I feel dizzy.

Qichiti{ su}al tayalgaza{. Money is used for buying.

qidaayus gray hair

Imlii txin qidaayutiku{. His hair is getting gray.

qidal to cry

Malaaniyaa alqus qidaasal hamama{? What is Molly crying about?

Braatang hikis qidakuq. I am crying because I lost my brother.

crying

qidu{ rope

Qidu{ ala}um chida}an aku{ ukul sa}anaq. I found a rope by the beach yesterday.

Qidu{ aduku{. The rope is long.

qigaa}i{ easterly

qigaa}i{ angtaa the easterly side

qigangaa east side

Qigaa}i{ hatas hulal a{taku{. The wind has switched to the east overnight.

Tanam qigangaa sla}uku{. The eastern side of the island is stormy.

qigamlul to cut hair

qiklul to cut hair

Kamgiin qikluch{ida. Get your hair cut.

qigdal to hook

Qigdakung. I hooked it.

qiglagidal crackle; make static

Chaayas qiglagidakus. The phonograph is making static.

qiglal snagging the bottom

qigla{tal stuck on the bottom

Imga}ing qigla{taku{. My line is snagged on the bottom.

qiglul knot; twist; knit

Chuulki{ qigluku{. She is knitting the sock.

qigna{ fire; match

Qigna{ chi{tal aguun atiituza}ulax. A match won't light when it's wet.
match

Qigna{ ataku{. The match is lit.

qignul to play with a child

Aniqdu{ qignu{taku{. He/she is playing with the child.

qigul to gather; collect; pick

Aangsus qiguku{. He/she is gathering berries.

Chuxchas su}ana{taa}an aqadix qigukus. Eskimos gather and put away their carving material.

qigu{ common loon

loon

qigu}i{ common loon

Qigu{ iga{taku{. The common loon is flying.

qixya{ shelf

Qixya{ hakaatxaku{. The shelf is high.

qi}unal hard to get

qi}unalakan easy to get

Ukunaa{sxaa qi}unaku{. It is very difficult to find.

qiiga{ grass

qiigam is{atii grass basket

Qiiga{ adul aygagiituna}ulax agu{taku{. The grass is long and makes walking hard.

Qiigam is{atii agulgaa ayqinalaka{. Making a basket is not hard.

qii{chiida{ green-winged teal

Qii{chiida{ chuqudaku{. The green-winged teal is small.

qiihliqda{ navel

navel

Qiihliqdang kichignaku{. My navel is itchy.

qiimayaaxs scratch

Ting qiimayaagikuq. I am scratching myself.

qiihminul smell of rut and perspiration

It{aygis qiihminukus. The reindeer are rutting.

qikun the one in there

qikung in there

Qikung unguchiku{. She is sitting in there.

qila{ morning

qilam early morning

qilaa{ early

qilagan tomorrow; yesterday

qila{sil do in the morning

Qilam qilaa{ ha{tiku{. He gets up early in the morning.

Qilagan haqaa}an sa}ana{. He will come tomorrow.

Qilagan haqal sa}ana{. He came yesterday.

Ayuxtal qila{si{. He was out this morning.

qil}i{ navel cord

Aniqdum gil}ii isilgaku{. The baby's navel cord was cut.

qil}is ribs of a boat

Ay{aasim qil}ingis agukus. We are making ribs for the boat.

qili}is brain

Kamgim qili}ingis kamgim ilan akus. The brains are in the head.
brains in head

qilul imitate

Agitaadaan qiluku{. He is imitating his friend.

qihluxs to bark (dog)

Sabaaka{ gihlugiku{. The dog is barking.

Sabaaka{ qihlugil aguun sasulinaza{. When the dog barks it's disturbing.

qimgiti{ crab

Qimgiti{ alax kigusim kayutukix mataza{. A crab has two strong pinchers.

Qimgiti{ atuung kita{taza{. The crab has six legs.

crab

qihmul twisted

Imya}i{ qihmuku{. The fish-line is twisted.

qingana{ cold

Txin qinganatiku{. It is getting cold.

qingdi{ spit; mucus

ala}um qingdii jellyfish

qingdil to spit

Aamgi{ qingdiisal? Did he spit out blood?

Ala}um qingdingis ala}um achidan alanaza}ulas. There are usually lots of jellyfish by the beach.

qingul to kiss

Hla{, asxinu{ qingul ii? Did the boy kiss the girl?

qiqi{ fish slime; fluid of the eye; ear wax

Qam qiqii angyunaku{. Fish slime is slippery.

qiqutal to keep in isolation

Ulam ilan qiqutalgaku{. She is kept isolated in the house.

qis to cramp

qidusal to jam

qital bent

qitmixs to cramp

Igachining qitnaa}ikus. My muscles are trying to cramp.

Qahmigim ilan chaan qidusaku{. He jammed his finger in the door.

Du{ta{ qitaku{. The hook is bent.

Igachining qitmigikus. My muscles are cramping.

qisadgul to tie several

qisa{ta{ one is tied

qisas to tie

Yaasikas qisadguda. Tie up the boxes.

Ikla{ qisa{taku{. The log is tied.

Alax niivudix qisatiku{. He ties two nets together.

Ay{aasi{ qisatida. Tie the boat.

tie the boat

Qisaguni{ March

Qisagunim tugidaganaa slagutuza{. March is windy.

qisxil to steer, drive (as with a motor)

qisngil to drive

qisxusi{ rudder

Duura{ qisxil ay{aku{. He is steering the boat.

Qaniigim ay{aasii qisngil ay{aasaku{. He is out driving a snow machine.

Laanchim qisxusii si{taku{. The rudder on the dory is broken.

qisi{ palm of hand

Qisiim qalan ana}i{ su{taku{. He/she is holding something in his/her palm.

qizangi{ ancient murrelet

ancient murrelet

Qizangi{ sakucham chuqudaa a{. An ancient murrelet is a small duck.

quchxingis space in between

quchigingis space in between

Taya}ux quchxingin unguchiku{. He is sitting in between two men.

quchxital to mix in

Aliguuta{ amilaayu{ quchxitaku{. Aleut is spoken mixed with the English language.

qudga top side

Tanam qudga aygagiku{. He is walking on the top side.

qudgaa}i{ back fin

Qam qudgaa}ingin aqitiku{. She is cutting the fins off the fish.

qugaangi{ American common scoter duck

Qugaangi{ qaxchikdaku{. The American common scoter is black.

quga{ devil; assistant spirit

qugam chach{uu devil's club

qugam tutusii mushroom

qugaa}i{ shaman

Quga{ aku{. It is a devil.

Qugam tutusingis agiitingis qalgaza}ulax. We eat mushrooms but some are not edible.

mushroom

qugana{ rock

quuganaal}is pebbles

Quganam agiitingis ignatuzas. Some rocks are heavy.

Quuganaal}is hunam nagan imdaalakus. The pebbles are used for filling the hole.

qugutu{ the upper shaft of thigh bone of seal of sea lion

Qugutu{ mikaasaku{. He is playing with the bone.

quguulinal sour

U}u{ quguulinaku{. The juice is sour.

quxsu{ wedge

quxsul to chop

Ikla{ quxsuku{. He is chopping wood.

Ivaan ngus quxsul a{taa}utaku{. John is chopping wood for me.

qukin}i{ swan

Qukin}i{ hanim ilan aku{. There is a swan in the lake.

Qukin}i{ sal}um quhmaa a{. A swan is a big white bird.

swan

qulaan for the sake of

qulangiin for the sake of

Qulaan ting ahmayaa{takuu. He asked me about him.

Haagalagaa}an qulagaan huzugaan qanaa}zas. In order not to be hungry, we go fishing all the time.

qula{ collarbone

qam qulaa fish's collarbone

Hla{ qulaan natiku{. The boy's collarbone is hurt.

qula{tal to choke on something

Qagna{ qula{taasaku{. He is choking on the bone.

qulangil to defend

Hlaan qulangiku{. He is defending his son.

qul{uda{ bald head

Qul{udaa tas{idaku{. His bald head is shiny.
bald person

quhma{ white

quhmas to become white

quuhmliixs gray

Ali}im imlii quhmaku{. The old man's hair is white.

Imlii txin quhmatiku{. His hair is getting white.

Imliin txin quuhmliixtiku{. Your hair is getting gray.

qungas make ready; prepare

Qalgadas qungas agadaam ayugna{. He prepared some food and went out to sea.

qungi{ humpback

qungaayu{ humpback salmon; male pink salmon

Sabaaka{ qungi}iku{. The dog has a humpback.

Qungaayu{ ixtxikux. She is eating fish.

qungtuxs to snore

Qungtuxs sa}aku{. He is snoring in his sleep.

quqda{ dirt

Quqdatuku{. It is dirty.

qusaa space above it

qusan above

qusamuda}an upward

Plitam qusan inkaku{. It is hanging above the stove.

qutaxs blow up from the ground

Qutaxsxal hangaalaku{. It is being blown upward.

quugaqaadal moldy

Taxsa{taqang txin quugaqaadatil a{taku{. The thing I had stored got moldy.

quy{il to cough

quy{iluxs to have a chest cold

Taya}u{ quy{iku{. The man is coughing.

Quy{iluxs i}amana}ulax tutaku{. He doesn't feel good because he has a very bad chest cold.

bad cold

quyul to go to bed

quyu}il to lie down

quyu{tal to lie down

Laampa{ uxil taaman txin quyuda. Turn out the lamp then go to bed.

Quyu}il an}iku{. He is resting on his back.

Qaqadaam txin quyu{tal angali{. He laid down after he ate.

lay down

qyal to be tight

qyas to tighten

qyatil to tighten

Misuuka{ taxul qyatiku{. She tied the sack tightly.

qyunal to be slippery

Akalu}im kdaa qyunaku{. The ice on the road is slippery.

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Last modified August 14, 2006