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Aleut RavenNii}u}im Tunugan Ilakuchangis
Introduction to Atkan Aleut
Grammar and Lexicon

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chaaduquuda{ spider

chaadaquuda{ spider

Chaaduquuda{ niivudiin aguqaliku{. The spider started making his net.

chaaduuda{ blister

Chang kugan chaaduuda{ aku{. There is a blister on my hand.

chaamiidal to shave

Taya}u{ inglaakut chaamiidal aku{ txin isina{. A man was shaving and cut himself.

chaanika{ kettle

Kukam ngaan wan chaanika{ a}ida. Give this kettle to Grandmother.

chaanu{ gray crowned rosy finch

Chaanu{ ulam kangan tagaku{. The gray crowned rosy finch landed on top of the house.

chaang five

chaangidim five times

Alax ama qankus chaang a{. Two and three is five.

chaangiqlu{ elbow

Chaangiqlung nadusakuq. I hurt my elbow.

chaaqudal get into things; touch things without being told to (children)

Aniqdus chaaqudakus. The children are touching things.

chaasxi{ cup

Chaasxi{ taanga{ itaku{. The cup has water in it.

Chaasxi{ chaxta}ulaa agach ngus a}ida. Give me a cup that has no crack.


chaati{ forearm

Chaating chuqudaku{. My forearm is small.

chaayax musical instrument

chaayax drum

Chaayax aku{ wa. This is a drum.

chaayu{ tea

chaayul to drink tea

chaayuusis utensil used for drinking tea

Chaayu{ kayutuku{. The tea is strong.

Chaayu{ atxa{tikuq, haqal chaayuda. I made tea; come drink some tea.

chach{u{ belt

Chach{u{ ngaan tayaqang aku{ hikitii}utaku{. I bought him a belt but he lost it again.

chach{um kaami}ii beaded belt

Kiin chach{um kaami}ii alal? Who wants a beaded belt?

chachi{ cover

chachil to close

Yaasika{ atxa{s chachil tumsada. Close the box right and put it away.

chachi{ cover; lid

chachi}il have cover or lid on; be closed

chachi{tal have or use as a cover

chachi{taasal: igiim chachi{taasal be covered with

chachiisal cover with

chachilal close (several)

chadu{ oil (diesel, seal, lubrication)

chadu}na{ blubber (seal, whale, etc.)

Chadu{ ana}im su}aaguzaa aza{. Oil is a thing we use most often.

Chadu{ akituku{. The stove oil is expensive.

chadum taankaa oil drum

Alax chadurn taankangis imdada. Fill two drums of oil.

chadu{s, chadu}il to crawl

Hlal}u{ chidigiim kugan chadu}il haqaku{. A big boy is crawling over here on his knees.

chaga{ red cedar (driftwood)

Chaga{ ala}um achidan chala{taku{. The red cedar is on the beach.

chagi{ halibut

Chagi{ qam ichaaqidagan angunaa a{. The halibut is a thin, large fish.

chagitxa{ white orchid (plantathera hyperborea)

white orchid

Chagitxa{ qaatunaza{. The white orchid is good to eat.

chaxs, chagiku{ split; crack

chaagidgul split (several)

chaglila}il have cuts

Ikla{ chaagidguku{. He/she is splitting wood.

chaglil tears or cuts into pieces

chaglima{s tear to pieces

chaxs, chaxtil split; cut open

chaxtal have crack in it

chaxtalal have several cracks

Igluqas chaglil ilagaan chu{taqa{ aguku{. He/she is cutting hide to make clothing.

chaxuda{ wooden cap

Chaxuda{ uku{ta{ta{t? Have you ever seen a wooden cap?

cha}us cut; wound

cha}util cut; wound

At{uun cha}us aamagniku{. He cut his finger and it is bleeding.

cha{ hand

Cha{ sigus alaza}ulax. A hand has a lot of wrinkles.

cha{sa{ soup; fish broth

qam cha{saa fish soup

Qam cha{saa qaatunaza{. Fish soup is usually good to eat.

cha{sxi{ submerged reef

Cha{sxi{ hit{azaku{. A large surf emerges from the submerged reef.

chaknal be spoiled; rotten; have a rotten stench

Ulu{ txin chaknatiku{. The meat gets spoiled.

chalaaqu{ swordfish; sailfish

Chalaaqu{ chalaku{. The sailfish landed on the beach.

chala{ clam

chalasiisi{ shovel for digging clams

Chugum sinigan chalas akus. There are clams under the sand.

clam under sand

chalal land; come ashore; drift ashore

chalas, chalatil greet; meet (somebody who is landing)

Ala{ chalal hulal a{tana{. The whale apparently had come ashore last night.

chalil to fish (with pole)

chaliisi{ fish line

Apriila{ hulaku{ mal qaadas chalil sa}anaq. Because it was the first part of April, I fished for Dolly Varden.

cham}ul to wash

Daniila{, atxa{s chakin cham}ul taam angadada. Dan, wash your hands thoroughly and then wipe them.

chamlu{ floor

Chamlu{ ch{uu}ilgaa{t. Let's wash the floor.

chams to scrape

Igluqa{ chamil huu}uzuuzayaku{. He's scraping the skin and trying to soften it.

chamusi{ skin scraper

skin scraper

Chamusi{ su{tal igluqa{ chamida. Use the scraper and scrape the hide.

chahma{ dish

chahmaali{ wide valley

Chahma{ si{tiku{. The dish broke.

chahmis block; obstruct

chahmitil block; obstruct

chahmidusi{ plug (as in boat)

Ay{aasim chahmidusii chuhmluda. Put the boat plug in place.

changal enter; go or creep in

changamixs go up and down (something floating)

Tumbuuya{ ala}um ilan changamigiku{. The buoy is going up and down in the water.

changana{ valley; ravine

It{aygis slum aslaan changanas tana{tadas. Reindeer live in the valleys in the summer.

changi{ bow (of boat; kayak)

changii bow (of boat; kayak)

Ay{aasim changii qayaku{. The boat's bow is high.

chaquxs to chew

chaqugil chew

Ulum tunga}ii chaqugiku{. He's chewing on tough meat.

Chaquxs qakuq. I am chewing my meat.

chasi{ clock

chasim angaa half an hour

Chaang chasi{ aygagiku{. Five o'clock is coming.

Chasi{ stiinam da}an inkaku{. The clock is hanging on the wall.


chataalu{ slide

Achixaalu}im ulagan chida}an chataalu{ a{. There is a slide by the schoolhouse.

chataasi{ toboggan

Chataasi{ angazanaza{. The toboggan comes in handy.

chidgi{ something drifting

chidgiilal drift away

chidgilgal drift away

chidgisxal drift away

Ay{aasi{ chidgisxaku{. The boat is drifting.

boat drifting

chid}i{ green or blue

chid}aayu{ green

Inka{ chid}iku{. The sky is blue.

Qiigas chid}aayukus. The grass is green.

chid}is become blue; bruise on the skin

Chuyuu chid}iku{. His arm is blue.

chidigi{ knee

chidiga}il to kneel

Chidigim asuu. The knee has a cap.

Chidigaan kugan aku{t. You are on your knees.

chidil strain; filter (water)

Buchuunikaan chidiku{. He is straining his barrel.

chidul let itself down (sunset)

Agadgi{ chiduku{. The sun is setting.
sun setting

chiduya{ lightning

Chiduya{ qignam adigaa agu{taza{. Lightning makes a bright flash in the sky.

Saygim chiikdaa axchigaku{. The bullet from a gun is fast.

chiikda}us shotgun

Chiikda}us su{tal sas kalukuq. I shot some ducks with a shotgun.

chiida{ young (of birds or animals)

chiida{tal have as a pet

Chiida{ mata{t? Do you have a pet?

chiid}u{ infant

Chiid}u{ sa}aku{. The infant is sleeping.
infant sleeping

chiixuyaaka{ song sparrow

Chiixuyaaka{ tunuku{. The sparrow is singing.

chiikda{ bullet

chas slide down

chatil slide down

chatal slide down a hill (person)

Hla{ liizi}il chataku{. A boy is skiing.

Qayam ilidan chatakuq. I am sliding on the hillside.

sliding on hillside

chatis strand flats (reef)

Chatis qakakus. The strand flats are exposed from low tide.

chavicha{ king salmon

Chavicha{ qam angunaa aza{. The king salmon is a big fish.

chdaxti{ loose excrements; diarrhea

Hlakucha{ chdaxtiku{. The little boy has diarrhea.

chxal steal

chxa{ theft

chxaqali{ thief

ChxaqaIi{ qichiti{ chxaku{. The thief stole the money.

chxu{ sponge; soak through

Chxu{ su{tal chahmas ch{uu}ada. Wash the dishes with the sponge.

ch{al full; complete

ch{aasal be full of

ch{as fill

ch{adusal fill up full with

Taanka{ ch{al a{taku{. The tank is full.

ch{uu{s to wash

ch{uu{sxal to mop

Mariina ch{uu}il txin as{ani{taku{. Marina is washing clothes and she is tired.

Chamlu{ ch{uu{sxal aguun machaalki{ su}aza{. When we wash the floor we use a mop.


chidaxs stretch

chidagiku{ gets long

Imya}ii chidagiku{. His fishline apparently stretched.

chida}a border; margin; space beside something

Ulam chida}an aku{. It is by the house.

chidgil hang loose; slack

Chu{taqas chidgil a{takus. The clothing is hanging loose on the line.

chiikil be in disorder (messy house)

Ula{ chiikiku{. The house is messy.

chiikna{ limpet

Quganas kugan chiiknas chitakus. The limpets are sticking to the rocks.

chiimdal roll with the surf

Duurang su{tal chiimdal angaliq. I was rolling with the surf in my boat today.

chiinka{ sheet metal

Chiinka{ tunga}iku{. The sheet metal is sturdy.

chiipa{ chain

Chiipas asxum da}an inkaku{. The chains are hanging on the nail.

chiirti{ to circle or underline

Ana}i{ alanaan uku{tal agumis chiirtida. If there is something you want, underline it.

chigda{ raincoat (parka made of intestines)

Unangam chi{taliisii chigda{ hiila{tada{. A Native raincoat is called a chigda{.

Chigda{ an'gis ilagaan agu}iza{. The raincoat is made out of intestines.

chiglil take apart; take off (clothes)

Txin chiglil taaman quyuda. Undress before you go to bed.

chixis stick; attach; cover

chixitil stick; attach; cover

Butiilkam krisxii chixis taaman tumsada. Cover the bottle before you put it away.

chixtal be united; be married

Taya}u{ ama ayaga{ chixtakux. The couples are married.

chi}ana{ river

chi}anakucha{ stream

Chi{ta{ i}anal aguun chi}ana{ axchigaza{. When it rains a lot the river flows fast.

Chi}anakucha{ qamdalaka{. The stream is not deep.

shallow stream

chi}du{ high tide

chi}dul high tide

Agu{ chi}dutiku{. The tide is rising.

chi}nil make wet

chi{s become wet

chi{tiku{ become wet

chi{tal be wet (ground, people)

chi{ta{ rain

chi{taliisi{ raincoat

Alqul imliin chi}nil angali{t? Why did you get your hair wet?

Chi{ta{ malgaku{. It is raining.

Chi{tatiku{. It started raining.

chikas larvae (fly, bug)

Chikas hudas i}amana}ulax hitiku{. The larvae spoiled the dried fish.

chiku{ piece of meat in a pot

Asum chikungis iguda. Take the pieces of meat out.

chilal become loose

Iihmiising chilal a{taku{. My shoelace became loose.

chilal untie

Ay{aasim paalinaa chilil aqichada. Untie the boat's bowline.

chilu{ Alaskan Longspur (migratory bird)

Chilu{ iga{taku{. The long-spur is flying.

chimchis something caught between the teeth

chimchilil pick the teeth

Agaluun chimchilida. Pick your teeth with a toothpick.

chimchiliisi{ toothpick

Qaataa chimchiliisis? Where are the toothpicks?

chimgu{ parcel

Sunam kugan chimgu{ ayuxch{iitukuq. I want to send my package out on the tugboat.

Hlang ngaan chimgu{ matakuq. I have a parcel for my son.

chim{al splash

chi{aasal splash with

Taanga{ sul txin chim{al ii haman? Did he splash water on you?

Taanga{ ngiin chim{aasaku{t. You spilled water on us.

chimi{ footprint

Qaniigim kugan chihmis uku{takuq. I see footprints in the snow.

It{aygim chimii al a{taku{. It is a reindeer's footprint.

chihmiglul to wring

Ch{uu}is pulusxal chihmiglul qich{ida. Wring out the clothes and hang them out to dry.

chihmignu{ big toe

chihmignum qagal}ingis toenails

Chihmignus kitam kugan azas. We have toes on our feet.

Chihmignung nanaku{. My toe hurts.

 toe hurts

chinga{ impassable point

Chinga{ ana{ mal axsxaakalaka{. The impassable point cannot be crossed.

chiplaati{ chicken; chick

Chiplaati{ qaku{. The chicken is eating.

chiqi{ earth; ground; mud

chiqitul to be muddy

Akalugi{ chiqituku{. The path is muddy.

chiripiichis shingles

Ulam chiripiichingis awaasaku{. He is working on the house shingles.

chisal be scattered

Ha{satis chisal a{takus. All the gun shells are scattered.

chisil scatter (objects)

Asxinu{ sas ngaan muusi{ tanam kugan chisiku{. The girl is throwing oats out on the ground for the birds.

Muka{ stuulu}im hangadan chisiku{. She scattered some flour on the table.

flour on table

chis grab (as an eagle grabs)

chitil put on

Ulam kangaa chitiku{. The top of the house is finished.

chital intact

Ulam huzuu chital a{taku{. The house is all intact.

chit{i{ gall bladder

Isu}im chit{ii tatiku{. The gall bladder of the seal has burst.

chit{udgi{ boil (on skin)

Chuyung kugan chit{udgi{ aku{. There is a boil on my skin.

Chitviirka{ Thursday

Chitviirka{ ta}ulaku{. It is the eve of Thursday.

chiyal to reach

Fiidur Praanikas suu}an chiyal aku{ ukul angaling. I found Ted reaching for the cookies.

chla{s dive

chla}iku{ dives

Ala{ chla}iku{. The whale dived.

chmaa its tail

alam chmaa the whale's tail

Alam chmaa angunaza{. The whale's tail is very large.

chnga{ fur; hair

chngatul hairy; furry

chngulil shed fur

Isu}is ama qawas chngulikus. The seals and sea lions are shedding their fur.

chngatu{ sea otter

Chngatu{ quganam kangan aku{. The sea otter is on top of the rock.

chuchaxs stand erect; be steep

chuchagiku{ stands erect: steep

Kii}uusi{ chuchagiku{. The mountain is steep.

chuchudal ring sharply

Kulukuula{ chuchudal tunuku{. The bell is ringing sharply.
bell ringing

chuga the northside

chugaanul go toward the north

chugaanu{tal go north

chuguu}i{ northern

Taya}us chugaanu{tal qaqamii}ukus. The men are hunting on the northside.

chugaayu{ shawl

Chugaayuun chuda. Put your shawl on.

chugal sufficient; complete

Masinam ana}ingis chugal a{takus. The motor's parts are all complete.

chugilakan be silent

Chugilakan sa}ada. Quiet down and go to sleep.

chugu}ul to point

Asxinu{ alqu{ chugu}ul hingama{? What is the girl pointing at?

chugu{ sand

chugu}il be sandy

chugutul be full of sand

Chugu{ quganam si{taa a{. Sand is broken up rock.

Ala}um achidan chugu{ aku{. There is sand by the beach.

chuxcham uliigii Eskimo boot

Chuxcham uliigingis wan akiitas chu}alizas. Eskimo shoes are still worn today.

chu{tal wear

Qatxuuyang chu{tal a{taku{t. You are wearing my shirt.

chu{taqas clothes

Kiin chu{taqas imis a{s? Who gave you the clothes?

Chu{taqas tugiidam kugan inkakus. The clothes are hanging on the clothesline.

clothes hanging

chukiidgi{ gnat

Chukiidgis alanalaka}is. There are lots of gnats.

chulaanu{ chest

Hyaagam ilagaan chulaanu{ agulgaaka{. We can make a chest from wood.

chulal to dress

chul put on (coat)

chuch{il put on (clothes)

chu{tach{il let or make wear

Chuuyung chul angaliq. I put on my jacket.

Adaam txin chulal aqadaguun txin cham}uda. Adam, you dress, then wash your face.

chulixta{ sandpiper

Chulixtas txidix uku{takus. The sandpipers are looking at each other.

chumlil to sharpen

chumliisix whet stone

Alqus ngiin ukina{ chumlil hingama{t? Why are you sharpening the knife?

chumnax pine wood

Chumnax hyaagachxiza{ a{. Pine wood is a good wood.

chumnux yellow

chumnugi{ yellow

Qiigam as{a{taa chumnugiku{. The dead grass is yellow.

chumtu{ bone marrow

It{aygim chumtuu qaatunaza{. The bone marrow of the reindeer is good eating.

chuhmlul put in place

Kavkaanas chuhmlul sa}anaq. I set the traps yesterday.

Taankam tagadaa chuhmlul angaliq. I put on a new tank today.

chuni{ backbone

chuni}i{ backbone

Isu}im chuni}ii sigusada. Bring the seal backbone.

chunuka{ nape of the neck

Chunukang hu}naazaku{. My neck is warm.

chuhnil stab

chunaaqul catch fish with fish spear

chuhnital stick into

chuhnusal stab; pierce

chuhnusi{ awl

Isu{ chuhnil as{atinaq. I stabbed a seal (with a harpoon) and killed it.

chungus down (bird's)

Sa}am misuukaa kasamim chungungis iIagaan agu}iku{. The sleeping bag is filled with eider down.
sleeping bag

chuqa{ throat

chuqaI shout holler

chuqadal choke

Hla{ chuqaku{. The boy is hollering.

chuqi{ root (bottom part)

Asxutim chuqii sixsaku{. The post broke from the bottom.

chuqudal little

Algam chiidaa chuqudaza{. An animal's newborn offspring is usually small.

chutal be plugged up; stopped; clogged

Singki{ chutaku{. The sink is clogged.

chutxii its point

chutxidigal be pointed; sharp

chutxital have points

Sda{ chaang chutxi{taza{. A star has five points.

chuulkis stockings

Chuulkit chuda. Put on your socks.
socks on feet

chuuyu{ jacket or sweater

Chuuyu{ asxinung ngaan triivanaq. I ordered a jacket for my daughter.

Chuuyu{ mata{t. Do you have a sweater?

chuyu{ arm

chaagamguu}i{ chuyu{ right arm

Cha{ chuyum angtaa a{. The hand is at the end of the arm.


chyaalis, chaalis immature seagull

Chaali{ slukam chiidaa a{. Chaali{ is a seagull's young offspring.


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Last modified August 15, 2006