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Aleut RavenNii}u}im Tunugan Ilakuchangis
Introduction to Atkan Aleut
Grammar and Lexicon

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ALEUT- ENGLISH
DICTIONARY

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Questions

(a) Question of fact

Piitra{ hilal ii?
Is Peter reading?

Maku{, hilaku{.
Yes (He does), he is reading.

Asxinus halul ii?
Are the girls sewing?

Makus, halukus.
Yes (They do), they are sewing.

Piitra{ alu{s (alu}il) ii?
Is Peter writing?

Maku{, alu}iku{.
Yes, he is writing.

Piitra{ his (hitil) ii?
Did Peter go out?

Way hitiku{.
He went outright now.

Hilat ii? Are you reading?

Hilating ii? Am I reading? (is that your question?)

Makuq, hilakuq. Yes (I do), I am reading.

Halutxichix ii? Are you (several) sewing?

Halutingin ii? Are we sewing? (is that your question?)

Makus, halukus. Yes (We do), we are sewing.

Alu{sit (Alu}it) ii? Are you writing?

Alu{siting ii? Am I writing? (is that your question?)

-l + txin = -t

-s + txin = -sit

-l + ting = -ting

-s + ting = -siting

 

Piitra{ ukina{ sul ii? Did Peter take the knife?

Piitram sukan ii? Did Peter take it?

Aang, sukuu. Yes, he took it.

Ukina{ sut ii? Did you take the knife?

Sukat ii? Did you take it?

Aang, sukung. Yes, I took it.

 

Older forms:

Sulka ii? Did he take it?

Sulkat ii? Did you take it?

Gulkis ii? Did he take them?

Sulkit ii? Did you take them?

 

(b) Question of State

Piitra{ ga{ ii? Is peter eating?
Maku{, qaku{. Yes, he is eating.

Cf. Piitra{ qal ii? Did Peter eat?

Qaqadaku{. He has eaten.

Piitra{ haqa{ ii? Is Peter on his way?

Haqaku{. He comes.

Piitra{ haqal ii? Did Peter come?

Haqaku{. He came (right now).

Piitra{ hila{ ii? Is Peter busy reading?

Maku{, hilaku{. Yes, he is reading.

Uku{taan ii? Do you see him?

Uku{takung. I see him.

Uku{takat ii? Did you see him?

Uku{takung. I saw him (right now).

Chaayuutuza{t ii? Do you like (to drink) tea? (in general)

Mazaq, chaayuutuzaq. Yes (I usually do), I like tea.

Chaayuutut ii? Do you want to drink tea (now)?

Makuq, ga}aasakung. Yes, thank you (I thank for it)

 

(c) Question of Person, etc.

Kiin hilal? Who is reading?
Hla{ hilaku{. The boy is reading.

Kiin a{? Who is he?

Piitra{ aku{. It is Peter.

Kiinkus halul? Who are sewing?

Asxinus halukus. The girls are sewing.

Kiin Ivaan kidul? Who is helping John?

Piitra{ Ivaan kiduku{. Peter is helping John.

Kiin kidukan (kidulka)? Who is helping him?

Piitram kidukuu. Peter is helping him.

Piitra{ kiin kidul? Who is Peter helping?

Piitra{ Ivaan kiduku{. Peter is helping John.

Kiin kidul? Who is he helping?

Ivaan kiduku{. He is helping John.

Algu{ a{? What is it?

Qugana{ aku{. It is a rock.

Alqu{ a{t? What are you?

Uchiitila{ akuq. I am a teacher.

Algu{ mal hingama{t? What are you doing?

Hilal gumakuq. I am reading (now).

Alqul hilal hingama{t? Why are you reading?

Qanan sut? Which one did you take?

Qanang a}ikat? Where did you put it? (old form: a{sxat)

Qanaax (Qanaagan) hagat? Where do you come from?

 

Return to the Atkan Grammar and Lexicon

a

ii

s

aa

k

t

b

l

u

ch

m

uu

d

hm

v

f

n

w

g

hn

hw

x

ng

y

{

p

hy

h

q

z

i

r

 
 

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Last modified August 14, 2006