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Aleut RavenNii}u}im Tunugan Ilakuchangis
Introduction to Atkan Aleut
Grammar and Lexicon

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ALEUT- ENGLISH
DICTIONARY

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Report of Observation and Knowledge

(I observe:)

Taya}u{ ayugiku{. The man goes out (or went out right now)

(I tell you about my observation:)

Taya}u{ ayugiku{ uku{tal angaliq. I saw (earlier today) that the man (or a man) went out.

(I say to that man:)

Ayugiku{t txin uku{tal angaliq. I saw you when you went out. I saw that you went out.

or: Ayugnaan uku{tal angaliq. I saw you going out.

(I tell you about my observation of the man's observation:)

Taya}u{ txin ay{as halakum qahmigiin chachilakan a{takum txin uku{tal angali{. The man took off but when he turned his head he saw that he had not closed his door. (He observed himself, what he had failed to do.)

(The boy observed:)

Taya}u{ hadaming huyaku{. A man comes towards me.

(I tell you about the boy's observation:)

Taya}u{ hadaam huyaku{ (or huyanaa) uku{tal a{taku{. He (the boy) saw (apparently) that a man came towards him (the boy).

Iga{ta{ tagaku{ tutal angaliq. I heard that the airplane landed.

Igaku{ tutaa}utal angaling. I heard that it took off again.

Ugigan ngaan tunu{takuu. Her husband is (was) talking to her.

Ugigan ngaan tunu{takuu tutana}ulax. Her husband was talking to her but she did not hear (it). She did not hear that her husband was. talking to her.

Ayaga{ sa}akum mal ugiin haqanaa tutana}ulax. The woman was sleeping so she did not hear her husband coming. 

(I see:)

Ayangiku{. It is foggy.

(I ask you:)

Ayangiku{ ida{talakat ii? Do you know that it is foggy?

(You may answer:)

Ayanginaa ida{talakaq. I know that it is foggy.

(I wonder:)

Ayangii{taa? Maybe it is (or becomes) foggy?

(I state my ignorance:)

Ayangii{taa haqatalakaq. I do not know whether it is (or will be) foggy.

An}a}inas hingan taya}u{ tunu{taasakus. The people are talking about that man.

Hingan taya}u{ an}a}inas tunu{taasakuu txin haqatalagaa}an a{taku{. That man did not know what people were talking about him.

Tunu{taqadamasukus. Maybe they have stopped talking.

Tunu{taqadamasukus haqatalaka}ning. I don't know whether or not they have stopped talking.

Atxa}iku{. He is right.

Atxa}iku{t. You are right.

Atxa}ikuq. I am right.

Atxa}inang ida{talakaq. I know that I am right.

Atxa}inaan ida{talakaq. I know that you are right. 

Inaqaam atxa}inaan ida{talaka{. He knows that he (himself) is right.

Kiin hingan ay{aasi{ aguna{? Who built that boat (in the past)?

Hingan ay{aasi{ aguna{ haqtalakaq. I do not know the builder of that boat = I do not know who built that boat.

Kiin agiital ayuxs (ayugil)? With whom did he go out?

Agiital ayugnaa haqata}ulang. I don't know with whom he went out.

Piitra{ qanang al? Where is Peter?

Piitram (or Piitra{) ilan anaa haqatalakaq. I do not know where Peter is.

Alqus imis achuu}iisaangan a{siting? What shall I answer you?

Imis achuu}iisaangan haqatalakaq. I don't know what to answer you.

Note.

ida{ta-lakan knowing = "not ignoring".

haqata-lakan not knowing = having not observed or come upon.

Return to the Atkan Grammar and Lexicon

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Last modified August 14, 2006