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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Curriculum Resources for the Alaskan Environment

Subject Areas: history, government

Timeline: one week

Grade Levels: 9-12

Purpose: to develop the knowledge, skill, and attitudes necessary to conduct real city council meetings


Frank Keim
City Council Meeting



Square bullet Activities

  • Class decides who will be mayor, vice-mayor, secretary, treasurer, and members of the mock city council.
  • Mayor reads a sample resolution. Council determines the needs of the community and formulates a resolution (e.g., request money from the state for a road to the dump).
  • Mayor explains ordinances; types of activities ordinances regulate (e.g., appropriation of money, taxes, rules of conduct). Mayor reads a sample ordinance. Council determines the needs of the community and writes an ordinance (e.g., anti-litter law, alcoholic beverage control, 1% property tax, gun control law).
  • Read a sample initiative petition. The citizens' committee draws up an initiative petition which includes questionable terminology to generate discussion (e.g., "limit" instead of "prohibit" importation of alcohol; "alcohol" versus "alcoholic beverages"). The committee has interested people sign the petition. One citizen's committee member presents petition to the council. Council considers the petition for the purpose of enacting a resolution or ordinance on it. Council either:

    approves petition, and enacts an ordinance or resolution, or

    tables action until later date, or

    refuses to consider it. It goes directly to the voters after 30 days. Voter approval will mandate council action.

  • Visit the city offices to review the city code of ordinances. After reviewing the city code and determining its needs, students and teacher will formulate an actual ordinance for presentation to the city council during its next regular meeting. In the presentation, they will suggest that the ordinance be included in the city code.
  • At the end of the unit, students will write a problems/needs assessment, a short resolution, initiative petition, and an ordinance.

Square bullet Resources

  • local government offices and members of the city council
  • Alaska statutes 
  • Alaska Blue Book
  • Alaska Native Human Resource Development Program


  • This simulation could be done with local school board, village corporation board, or any other local or regional committee or council.


Carving and Jewelry Co-Op

Fund-Raising: Concessions/Raffle/Auction/T-Shirt Sales

Rummage Sales

Mail Order Business

School-Based Enterprises

Café Operation

Open House

Community Use of School Library

Village Recreation

Guest Speakers


Local Livelihood

On-the-Job/Cooperative Education

College Preparation

Teacher's Aide Training

Managing Community Affairs

Land Claims Brainstorming

The Corporation Game or Alaska Monopoly

Reconveyances: ANCSA Studies

Resource Development Options

City Council Meeting Simulation

Mock Board of Directors Meeting

REAA School Board Trip

Your Village

Family Tree

Village Archaeology

Building Traditional Dwellings

Cultural Heritage Projects

Traditional Hunters Manual

Ethnic Dinners

Following the Iditarod Dog Race

Visit to the Tribes

Trip to Mexico

Cross-Country Skiing

Firearms Handling

First-Aid Training

Christmas Shopping      



Go to University of AlaskaThe University of Alaska Fairbanks is an affirmative action/equal opportunity employer and educational institution and is a part of the University of Alaska system.


Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
Questions or comments?
Last modified August 17, 2006