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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
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Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






The Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta

Marshall Profile




Marshall is located on the Yukon River approximately 80 air miles to the north of Bethel and 140 miles upriver from the mouth of the Yukon on the Bering Sea. It is located on the north side of a high bank of the river which is referred to as Fortuna Ledge. This ledge affords Marshall protect-ion from flooding in the spring. However, the nature of the mountain and valley country to the east combined with the pattern of the winter winds make it a very breezy community to live in during the winter. Since most of the taller spruce trees were felled early in its history, this has contri-buted to its reputation as a windy village.

Marshall is surrounded by tundra and taiga on a gentle slope leading up to the flanks of Pilcher Mountain, named after a miner who used to live in the area. The geology is variable, although most of it is a green to dark grey sedimentary rock in various stages of metamorphosis.

The village was first organized in the early part of this century after the establishment of the gold mine at Willow Creek. Although at first it was composed of a large number of non-Natives, today it is an almost completely Native community with roots both up and down the Yukon River. The majority of the community is made up of people from the abandoned villages of Ohagamiut and Takshak with many also coming from present day Pilot Station and Russian Mission. There are also a few from Emmonak. The remainder are from other communities around the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta. Its present population is approximately 300.

Marshall is a Second Class City with two governing bodies, a seven member City Council and a seven member Traditional Council. It has a City Manager hired by the City Council to take care of its business and a VPSO and VPO to enforce its ordinances. The Traditional Council President is also the Mayor of the City Council, and the City Manager is also a member of the Traditional Council. There is one other person who is both a member of the Traditional and City Councils. Finally, there is a village Chief, Vernon Evan, who was elected by the Traditional Council for life.

Marshall is unique among villages in Alaska because until Statehood it had Territorial status. This made it a headquarters for many state and federal agencies, including the Fish and Wildlife Service. Where other villages had B.I.A. schools, Marshall had its own Territorial elementary school. It even had its own U.S. Marshal. Today it is the only Alaska village that has two official names, Marshall and Fortuna Ledge.

F. Keim


- Frank Keim


- Vernon and Irene Evan / Gabriel Duny



Land Ownership

- Willie Fitka Jr. / Flora Evan


- Mike Hull / Marlene Papp


- Ruth Fitka / Henry Manumik


- Leslie Hunter Sr. and Willie Fitka / LaVerne Manumik

Sewer and Water

- Richard Oney / Barbara Andrew

Solid Waste Management


- Aloe Coffee / Billy Waska


- Vernon Evan / Leslie Hunter Jr.


- Joe Peter / Tina Papp


- Leo Fitka Sr. / Palassa Sergie


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
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Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 23, 2006