This is part of the ANKN Logo This is part of the ANKN Banner
This is part of the ANKN Logo This is part of the ANKN Banner Home Page About ANKN Publications Academic Programs Curriculum Resources Calendar of Events Announcements Site Index This is part of the ANKN Banner
This is part of the ANKN Logo This is part of the ANKN Banner This is part of the ANKN Banner
This is part of the ANKN Logo This is part of the ANKN Banner This is part of the ANKN Banner
Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.







Communications in Marshall a long time ago was hard because the town had no telephones and t.v.s. The only way they communicated was through C.B. 's and by person to person talk,

The first telephone that came to Marshall was in 1981. It was put in the building that became a jail house. I remember my mom using the telephone there. If someone needed to use the phone for an important reason they were welcome to use the phone. Also they could use it for business and emergencies.

The telephone company in Marshall is the United Utilities. United Utilities first started in 1978 and belongs to Hooper Bay Sea Lion Native Corporation. This is where we get our telephone service.

How does the system work,? First you have to have a satellite dish. The dish has to be connected to the main office and from the office to the town. If you make a long distance call the dish sends a message to the satellite and the satellite connects with the dish in the town of destination The dish connects with the persn you called and then when she talks everything happens in reverse.

If you want a telephone in your own house there is a technician who has special training who puts in your phone. There are different ways you can get this training. You can attend college and get a degree or you can go to vocational training.

To have a phone you have to pay a certain amount of money to have it installed in your house. If you are a resident you will only pay $37.50 but if you are not a resident then you will have to pay $50.00. Plus if you have them do the wiring that will cost $89.75

Local calls cost $19.23 each month. It depends where you are calling for the cost of long distance phone calls. Also it would depend on how long you make the call.

Other kinds of communications technology we have in Marshall are C.B. 's and VHS. They are two types of radio we use around town and for long distance communications. They can also be very useful if you are going hunting. A handy VHS is a life saver if you are lost, and you can just call home and tell them you are lost.

In most houses in Marshall there are also television sets. Here though we have only one channel, the RATNET station, channel 7. It features the news, weather, and all sorts of variety shows.

Also, we listen to the radio. We can get all kinds of stations if you have the right radio, and they will give you all the information you need to have here.

I am glad we have good communication service because we wouldn't be able to watch the Super Bowl and we wouldn't be able to hear the news every day. Just think what it would be like if we didn't have all these things today? Where would we be?

Interview With Joe Peter.
By Tina Papp



- Frank Keim


- Vernon and Irene Evan / Gabriel Duny



Land Ownership

- Willie Fitka Jr. / Flora Evan


- Mike Hull / Marlene Papp


- Ruth Fitka / Henry Manumik


- Leslie Hunter Sr. and Willie Fitka / LaVerne Manumik

Sewer and Water

- Richard Oney / Barbara Andrew

Solid Waste Management


- Aloe Coffee / Billy Waska


- Vernon Evan / Leslie Hunter Jr.


- Joe Peter / Tina Papp


- Leo Fitka Sr. / Palassa Sergie


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



Go to University of AlaskaThe University of Alaska Fairbanks is an Affirmative Action/Equal Opportunity employer, educational institution, and provider is a part of the University of Alaska system. Learn more about UA's notice of nondiscrimination.


Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
Questions or comments?
Last modified August 23, 2006