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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






Health Care

The Marshall Clinic has been open since the early 1960's. The aides work from 9-4 every day. They do not work on holidays. They get $12.62 per hour or more depending on their level of training. They get paid only by the hour.

When a sick person comes to the clinic, the aides first check if he has a fever. Then they check his mouth for any white things on the tonsil or the back of the mouth. Then they take down the history of the illness. Then they send it to Bethel. The person has to wait for the test results to come back from Bethel. If they are positive the aide will give the patient a shot or medicine for the disease. Hopefully the person will get well with the medicine.

They take care of an emergency in the same way that they take care of a sick person. But they go through everything quicker. They make sure the patient can breathe or that they are not bleeding to death. The rest gets taken care of at Bethel.

The number of people the clinic has per day depends on the season. During the Flu season they get 20-30 per day. On the slow days they get about 4-10 per day.

The kind of shots they give people are: L.A., BICILLIN, PROCAINE, PENICILLIN, EPINEPHRINE, TURBUTALINE, TETANUS, AND FLU SHOTS. They get their medicine from the pharmacy at Bethel. When asked about their relationship to Bethel, they said, We are the eyes and ears of the doctors. We do the exams and report them in. We have to have a close relationship with the hospital there."

Doctors, nurses and dentists come to Marshall from Bethel on an irregular schedule. Doctors come 3 times a year; nurses, about every 3 months; and dentists come once a year.

The money to pay for the people's medical care comes from the U.S. and State Governments.


Person Interviewed: Ruth Fitka
By Henry S. Manumik
Marshall School
English IIII
Grade 12



- Frank Keim


- Vernon and Irene Evan / Gabriel Duny



Land Ownership

- Willie Fitka Jr. / Flora Evan


- Mike Hull / Marlene Papp


- Ruth Fitka / Henry Manumik


- Leslie Hunter Sr. and Willie Fitka / LaVerne Manumik

Sewer and Water

- Richard Oney / Barbara Andrew

Solid Waste Management


- Aloe Coffee / Billy Waska


- Vernon Evan / Leslie Hunter Jr.


- Joe Peter / Tina Papp


- Leo Fitka Sr. / Palassa Sergie


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 23, 2006