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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






Marshall's Economy


Most of the people here in Marshall make a living by fishing in the summer and winter. Since there are a lot of fish in these parts the best business here in Marshall is the fishing business. But there are a lot of other ways that a person can make a living here too; they can make stuff and sell them in the store like, parkas, sleds, hats, mittens, etc.

The first person to start up a business here in Marshall was a guy by the name of Chris Betch. He was a store owner and he also clerked in the store.

The business that has been here the longest is the ANICA store, called the "Coop." The ANICA store used to be located down below the gas station before it moved to its new location.

Many of the people here in Marshall depend on some kind of transfer payment such as food stamps and AFDC which is paid for by income taxes. This is due to the lack of jobs here in Marshall.

When Leslie Hunter was asked if he thought there would be an increase in the number of jobs here in Marshall if it gets bigger, he responded that he did. That's what I think too.

The institution that employs the most workers in Marshall is the school. Right now the school employs 12 local people. Over the years it has employed approximately 25 people.

In the old days there was a hotel here in Marshall run by a family. Only family members were allowed to work in it though, and it closed down when the family moved away.

The Maserculiq Corporation has been in business since 1974. Leslie Hunter Sr. was one of the founders of this for-profit corporation which was set up under the ANCSA of 1971. The corporation employs 5 employes here. The corporation owns 3 businesses right now, two of them here in Marshall and one in Homer. Their names are, Marshall Enterprises, Maserculiq Fish Processing Plant, and Fair View Manor Apartments.

Of the people that actually have jobs here in Marshall, 14 have full time jobs, and 5 have half-time jobs. There are also many part-time jobs. The amount of money these jobs bring into Marshall is approximately $545,000.00 dollars per year. This money goes only to the people that have jobs.

The amount of money that comes from the Permanent Fund Dividend Program is approximately 200,000 dollars. Welfare provides the rest of the money that runs the Marshall economy and amounts to about 500,000 dollars.

Interview with Leslie Hunter Sr. and
Willie Fitka
By: LaVerne Manumik



- Frank Keim


- Vernon and Irene Evan / Gabriel Duny



Land Ownership

- Willie Fitka Jr. / Flora Evan


- Mike Hull / Marlene Papp


- Ruth Fitka / Henry Manumik


- Leslie Hunter Sr. and Willie Fitka / LaVerne Manumik

Sewer and Water

- Richard Oney / Barbara Andrew

Solid Waste Management


- Aloe Coffee / Billy Waska


- Vernon Evan / Leslie Hunter Jr.


- Joe Peter / Tina Papp


- Leo Fitka Sr. / Palassa Sergie


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 23, 2006