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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Observing Snow



Alaska Native Knowledge Network. Alaska Standards for Culturally Responsive Schools. University of Alaska, Fairbanks. 1998.

Baeyer, Hans C. Rainbows, Snowflakes and Quarks: Physics and the World Around Us. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York. 1984.

Dick, Alan. Village Science. Fairbanks, Alaska: Alaska Native Knowledge Network. 1999.

Fejes, Claire. Villagers: Athabaskan Indian Life Along the Yukon River, Random House, New York. 1981.

Ferguson, Sue A. Glaciers of North America, Fulcrum Publishing, Golden Colorado. 1992.

Hambrey, Micheal & Alean, Jurg. Glaciers. Cambridge University Press, New York. 1992.

Jette, Jules and Eliza Jones. The Koyukon Athabaskan Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center. 2002

Kawagley, A. Oscar. A Yupiaq Worldview: A Pathway to Ecology and Spirit. Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc. 1995.

LaChapelle, Edward. Field Guide to Snow Crystals. University of Washington Press, Seattle and London. 1977.

Lawlor, Elizabeth P. Discover Nature in Winter. Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, PA 17055. 1998.

Marchland, Peter J. Life in the Cold: An Introduction to Winter Ecology, 3rd edition. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH. 1996.

McClung, David & Schaerer, Peter. The Avalanche Handbook. The Mountaineers, Seattle Washington. 1993.

Nelson, Richard K. The Athabaskans: People of the Boreal Forest. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Museum. 1983.

Post, Austin & La Chapelle, Edward. Glacier Ice. University of Washington Press, Seattle and London. 1971.

Stephens, Sidney. Handbook for Culturally Responsive Science Curriculum. Fairbanks: Alaska Science Consortium and the Alaska Rural Systemic Initiative. 2000.

Sturtevant, William C., Editor. Handbook of the North American Indians. Volume 6 Subarctic. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 1981.

Suplee, Curt. Everyday Science Explained. National Geographic Society, Washington, D.C. 1996.

Williams, Terry Tempest & Major, Ted. The Secret Language of Snow. San Francisco. 1984.


Alaska Native Knowledge Network. Fairbanks, Alaska (907) 474-1902

The Denali Foundation PO Box 212, Denali Park, Alaska 99755 (907) 683-2597

Snow Test Kit
Hydro - Tech, 4508 N.E. 175th St., Seattle, WA 95155 (206) 362-1074

Observing Snow

The Four Corners of Life
Water: the Stuff that Makes Snowflakes
Snow on the Ground Changes Through Time
Exploring Native Snow Terms
Glacier Investigations
Open Note Review
Bibliography & Resources


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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
Questions or comments?
Last modified August 14, 2006