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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Articles, References & Research, Speeches, Occasional Papers

Articles | Bibliographies | Graduate Projects | Reports | Speeches


Barnhardt, Carol
2001 A History of Schooling for Alaska Native People. Journal of American Indian Education. Vol 40, No. 1.

Barnhardt, Carol
1982 Tuning In: Athabaskan Teachers and Athabaskan Students. In Cross-Cultural Issues in Alaskan Education. R. Barnhardt, ed. Pp. 144-164. Fairbanks, AK: Center for Cross-Cultural Studies, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Barnhardt, Carol
1985 Historical Status of Elementary Schools in Rural Alaskan Communities: 1867-1980. Fairbanks: Center for Cross-Cultural Studies University of Alaska, Fairbanks.

Barnhardt, Ray
Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Higher Education: Preparing Alaska Native PhD's for Leadership Roles in Research

Barnhardt, Ray
John Collier, Jr.: Anthropology, Education and the Quest for Diversity

Barnhardt, Ray
2005. Creating a Place for Indigenous Knowledge in Education: The Alaska Native Knowledge Network. To be published in Local Diversity: Place-Based Education in the Global Age, Greg Smith and David Gruenewald, eds., Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Barnhardt, Ray
2005. Culture, Community and Place in Alaska Native Education. Democracy and Education, 16(2), pg. ? (forthcoming).

Barnhardt, Ray
2002. "Domestication of the Ivory Tower: Institutional Adaptation to Cultural Distance." Anthropology and Education Quarterly 33(2): 238-249.

Barnhardt, Ray
1998 Teaching/Learning Across Cultures: Strategies for Success. Fairbanks, AK: Alaska Native Knowledge Network (, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Barnhardt, Ray
1991. Higher Education in the Fourth World: Indigenous People Take Control. Canadian Journal of Native Education , 18:2, Vancouver: University of British Columbia.

Barnhardt, Ray
1989. Two Cultures, One School: St. Mary’s, Alaska.

Barnhardt, Ray
1987 Administration Across Cultures. Fairbanks, AK: Dept. of Rural Development, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Barnhardt, Ray
1987 THEORY Z + N: The Role of Alaska Natives in Administration.

Barnhardt, Ray
1985 Maori Makes a Difference: Human Resources for Maori Development.

Barnhardt, Ray
1981 Culture, Community and the Curriculum. Center for Cross Cutural Studies, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Barnhardt, Ray
1977 Administrative Influences in Alaskan Native Education. Cross-Cultural Issues in Alaskan Education. R. Barnhardt. Fairbanks, AK, Center for Cross-Cultural Studies, UAF. I: 57-63.

Barnhardt, Ray
1977 Field-Based Education for Alaskan Native Teachers. Cross-Cultural Issues in Alaskan Education. R. Barnhardt. Fairbanks, AK, Center for Cross-Cultural Studies, UAF: 87-98.

Barnhardt, Ray and Barbara Harrison
1993 Developing Tribal Education Strategies in Indigenous Communities. In Discourse: The Austrailian Journal of Educational Studies.

Barnhardt, Ray and Kawagley, A. O.
2005 Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Alaska Native Ways of Knowing. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 36(1), pp. 8-23.

Barnhardt, Ray and Oscar Kawagley
1999a Culture, Chaos and Complexity: Catalysts for Change in Indigenous Education. Fairbanks, AK: Alaska Native Knowledge Network (, University of Alaska Fairbanks.

Barnhardt, Ray and Oscar Kawagley
1999b Education Indigenous to Place: Western Science Meets Indigenous Reality. In Ecological Education in Action. Gregory Smith and Dilafruz Williams, eds. Pp. 117-140. New York: SUNY Press.

Barnhardt, Raymond J. and Patrick J. Dubbs
1981. The Log School: A Case for Appropriate Design. IN The Northern Community: A Search for A Quality Environment. Ted S. Vinson, ed. Pp. 143—156. New York: American Society of Civil Engineers.

Dubbs, Patrick J.
1986 Organizational Congruence and ANCSA. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology, Reno, March.

Hopkins, Tom
2006 Bureau of Indian Affairs Alaska Native Enrollment Statistics 1953 – 1977.

Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar
1999 Alaska Native Education: History and Adaptation in the New Millenium. Journal of American Indian Education, Vol. 39, #1.

Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar
1999 Yupiaq Education Revisited. Journal of American Indian Education, Vol. 39, #1.

Kawagley, Angayuqaq Oscar, and Roger and Delena Norris-Tull
1998 The Indigenous Worldview of Yupiaq Culture: Its Scientific: Nature and Relevance to the Practice and Teaching of Science. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 35, #2.

More articles by Angayuqaq are available here.

Kirkness, Verna J. and Ray Barnhardt
2001 First Nations and Higher Education: The Four R's - Respect, Relevance, Reciprocity, Responsibility. Knowledge Across Cultures: A Contribution to Dialogue Among Civilizations. R. Hayoe and J. Pan. Hong Kong, Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong.

Kushman, James W. and Ray Barnhardt
2001 Reforming Education From the Inside-Out: A Study of Community Engagement and Educational Reform in Rural Alaska. Journal of Reaearch in Rural Education, Fall.

Scollon, Ron and Suzanne
1986 The Axe Handle Academy: A Proposal for a Bioregional, Thematic Humanities Education. Sealaska Heritage Foundation, Juneau, Alaska.


The Alutiiq Ethnography Bibliography

Rachel Mason
Excerpt: This project was undertaken in order to make what has been written about Alutiiq culture more accessible to the public. The "public" I am most concerned with is the Alutiiq people themselves. Alaska Natives have long been the subject of anthropological study, and many have been frustrated when they were unable to find out what happened to the information they provided. This bibliography is intended to serve primarily as a guide to those who want to find out what has been written and recorded about their own culture.
full article

Graduate Degree Projects

Senior Projects

Argetsinger, Timothy H. Aqukkasuk
Spring 2009 "The Nature of Inuit Self-Governance in Nunavut Territory"


Alvanna-Stimpfle, Bernadette Yaayuk
April 2007 "Ugiuvaŋmiuraaqtuaksrat" Future King Island Speakers

Augustine, Abby
December 2008 Storytelling in the Yup’ik Immersion Classroom

Billmeier, Caleb
Spring 2010 The Connecting Hmong Perspectives Project: Cultural Proficiency, School-Community Relations, and Hmong Parental Involvement at Wolverine Elementary in Anchorage, Alaska

Carpluk, Lenora
April 1997 Contemporary Needs of the Native Teachers

Hildebrand, Edith
May 2005 A Manual for Alaska Native Parents to Promote Student Success

Madros, Judy
April 2010 Traditional Oral Storytelling in the Classroom

Roseberry, Emily B.
2010 Place Based Science Lessons

Schneider, Teresa
August 2000 Building Bridges for Student Success

Seaman, Glenn
May 2012 Port Graham Natural Reource Project

Thames, Susan
April 2010 Transference of Indigenous Knowledge in Aesthetic Appreciation of Western Art

Topkok, Sean (Asiqłuq)
June 2010 Iñiqpaġmiut Iñupiat Quliaqtuaŋit: Iñupiat Urban Legends: An Analysis of Contemporary Iñupiat Living in an Urban Environment

Young, Leta Marie
July 2010 An Indigenous Education Model for Post-Secondary Academic Writing Instruction


Allan, Maryanne
March 2011 Young Native Fiddlers: A Participatory Action Research Project

Counceller, April Gale Laktonen
December 2010 Niugneliyukut (We Are Making New Words): A Community Philosophy of Language Revitalization

Drabek, Alisha Susana
December 2012 Liitukut Sugpiat'stun (We Are Learning How To Be Real People): Exploring Kodiak Alutiiq Literature Through Core Values

Hammersmith, Jerome Alvin
November 2007 Converging Indigenous and Western Knowledge Systems: Implications for Tertiary Education

Henry-Stone, Laura
December 2007 Cultivating Sustainability through Participatory Action Research: Place-Based Education and Community Food Systems in Interior Alaska

John, Theresa Arevgaq
November 2009 Yuraryaraput Kangiit-llu: Our Way of Dance and Their Meanings

Leonard, Beth
May 2007 Deg Xinag Oral Traditions: Reconnecting Indigenous Language and Education Through Traditional Narratives

Lewis, Jordan
December 2009 Successful Aging Through the Eyes of Alaska Native Elders: What It Means to be an Elder in Bristol Bay, Alaska

Loring, Philip
May 2010 Ways to Help and Ways to Hinder: Climate, Health, and Food Security in Alaska

Indigenous Studies PhD Dissertations
You can find an updated list of Indigenous Studies PhD Dissdertations on the CXCS website.


AKRSI 2005 Final Report (Word document)


Andersen-Spear, Doreen
2003 Alaska Native Education: Past, Present and Future. Keynote address at the 2003 Native Educator's Conference in Anchorage, Alaska.

Jones, Ayaprun Loddie
1998 Collaboration in Education. Keynote speech given to the Alaska Native Education Council Conference, October 9, 1998.

Joseph, Bernice
2005 Follow the Lights - Native Ways of Knowing. Keynote address to the 2005 Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) convention in Fairbanks, Alaska.

Leonard, Beth
2004 Learning Dinaxinag (Our Language): A Personal Journey Through Higher Education. Keynote Speech to the 2004 Bilingual Multicultural Education Equity Conference in Anchorage, Alaska.

Pullar, Gordon L.
2000 Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights. Keynote Address to the Native Educator's Conference, February 1, 2000, Anchorage, Alaska.

Smith, Graham
2003 Indigenous Struggle for the Transformation of Education and Schooling. Keynote address to the Alaska Federation of Natives (AFN) convention in Anchorage, Alaska.




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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified October 5, 2022