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The Educational Achievement of Indian Children

The Educational Achievement of Indian Children

A Re-examination of the Question:
How Well Are Indian Children Educated?

by
Kenneth E. Anderson
Director of the Bureau of Educational Research and Science

E. Gordon Collister
Director of the Guidance Bureau

Carl E. Ladd
Research Fellow

Consultants to the Indian Research and Testing Programs
University of Kansas

 

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFIARS
DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
Douglas McKay, Secretary

BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS
Dillon S. Myer, Commissioner

BRANCH OF EDUCATION
Hildegard Thompson, Chief

Authorized by Congress

Printed at
Haskell Institute Print Shop
Lawrence, Kansas
March, 1953-4,000
Price 80 cents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The writers wish to thank L. Madison Coombs,
Education Specialist for the Bureau of Indian
Affairs, for valuable advice and assistance in the
preparation of this volume.


CONTENTS

List of Tables

List of Figures

Forward-by Willard W. Beatty

Chapter 1. Introduction

Previous Studies
Problems of Indian Education
The Previous Testing Program
The 1950 Testing Program
The University of Kansas
Summary

Chapter II. Differences in Student Background

Introduction
Composition of Types of Schools by Areas
Cultural Backgrounds of the Students
Degree of Indian Blood
Education of Parents
Language Spoken in the Home
Home Stability
Permanent Residence
Kinds of Friends
Educational Characteristics of the Students
Grade Placement and School Attendance
Size of School Attendance
School Attendance
Males and Females Enrolled
Academic Ambition
Summary

Chapter III. Statistical Treatment of the Test Data

Introduction
General Procedures
Further Analysis
Summary

Chapter IV. Results of the Statistical Treatment of the Test Data

Introduction
Achievement of Indian Children in Various Geographic Areas
Achievement of Indian Children in the Eighth Grade
Achievement of Indian Children in the Twelfth Grade
Comparison of Areas by Grade Levels
The Achievement of the Eighth and Twelfth Grades on the Same Tests
Achievement of the Eighth and Twelfth Grade Students by Types of Schools
Achievement of the Eighth Grade Students by Types of Schools
Achievement of the Twelfth Grade Students by Types of Schools
Comparison of Types of Schools by Grade Levels
Summary

Chapter V. Conclusions and Plans for the Future

Educational Accomplishments of Indian Children in the Various Types of Schools
Grade Eight
Grade Twelve
Relationships Between Achievement and Cultural and Educational Factors
The Future
Tour of the Southwest
The Intermountain Conference
The Albuquerque Conference

Bibliography

Appendix-United States Indian Bureau Tests



LIST OF TABLES

  1. Tests and Materials Used in the April 1950 Testing Program
  2. Composition of Types of Schools by Areas for the Two Grade Levels
  3. Percentage of Students Having Various Degrees of Indian Blood for Two Grade Levels
  4. Average Years of School Attendance of Parents of Children Enrolled in Grade Four in 1946 and in Grade Eight in 1950
  5. Percentage of Indian Students Usually Speaking the Pre-School Language Indicated
  6. Percentage of Indian Students in Eighth Grade in 1950 Living With Both Parents, One Parent, Relatives or Others
  7. Percentage of Students Living in Centers of 500 or More Population
  8. Kinds of Friends by Type of School for Two Grade Levels
  9. Age of Students in Relation to Grade Placement
  10. Number of Years of School Attendance in Relation to Grade Placement
  11. Size of School Attended by Children in Grade Eight
  12. Median Number of Days Attended by Children for Two Grade Levels
  13. Percentage of Students Attending from 155 to 184 Days for Two Grade Levels
  14. Percentage of Males and Females by Types of Schools for Two Grade Levels
  15. Percentage of Indian Students Desiring to Complete the Various Grades or Courses
  16. Percentage of Students in the Eighth Grade Exceeding the Mean of the Twelfth Grade
  17. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Pressey Vocabulary Test
  18. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Gates Basic Reading-Type A
  19. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Gates Basic Reading-Type C
  20. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Pressey English-Section A
  21. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Pressey English-Section B
  22. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Pressey English-Section C
  23. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Pressey English-Section D
  24. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Arithmetic-Factor Abilities
  25. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Orleans Arithmetic Computation
  26. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Free Writing-Length
  27. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Free Writing-Errors
  28. Critical Ratios for Grade 8 on Use of Resources
  29. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Pressey Vocabulary Test
  30. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Gates Basic Reading-Type B
  31. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Gates Basic Reading-Type D
  32. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Pressey English-Section A
  33. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Pressey English-Section B
  34. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Pressey English-Section C
  35. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Pressey English-Section D
  36. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Arithmetic-Factor Abilities
  37. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Free Writing-Length
  38. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Free Writing-Errors
  39. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Use of Resources
  40. Critical Ratios for Grade 12 on Health and Safety

LIST OF FIGURES

  1. Pressey Vocabulary Test, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  2. Gates Basic Reading Test-Type A, Mean Score + - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  3. Gates Basic Reading Test-Type C, Mean Score + - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  4. Pressey English Test-Section A (Capitalization), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  5. Pressey English Test-Section B (Usage), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  6. Pressey English Test-Section C (Punctuation), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation Grade 8, 1950
  7. Pressey English Test-Section D (Sentence Structure), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  8. United States Indian Bureau Arithmetic Test, Factor Abilities, Mean Score + and - Grade 8, 1950
  9. Orleans Arithmetic Computation Test, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  10. United States Indian Bureau Free Writing Test-Length, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  11. United States Indian Bureau Free Writing Test-Errors (Per 60 Words), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  12. United States Indian Bureau Use of Resources Test, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 8, 1950
  13. Pressey Vocabulary Test, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  14. Gates Basic Reading Test-Type B, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  15. Gates Basic Reading Test-Type D, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  16. Pressey English Test-Section A (Capitalization), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  17. Pressey English Test-Section B (Usage), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  18. Pressey English Test-Section C (Punctuation), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  19. Pressey English Test-Section D (Sentence Structure), Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  20. United States Indian Bureau Arithmetic Test, Factor Abilities, Mean Score + and -
    One Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  21. United States Indian Bureau Free Writing Test-Length, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  22. United States Indian Bureau Free Writing Test-Errors (Per 60 Words), Mean Score, + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  23. United States Indian Bureau Use of Resources Test, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950
  24. United States Indian Bureau Health and Safety Test, Mean Score + and - One Standard Deviation, Grade 12, 1950

 

 

 

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