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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






Scrub Jay


Latin name: Aphelocoma coerulescens

Scrub Jays appear slimmer than most other jays and have long, narrow tails. Their contrasting plumage pattern is distinctive. These jays inhabit a variety of bushy areas from chaparral, open woodlands, and residential areas in the Pacific States to piñion juniper and scrub-oak in the interior West and humid scrub-oak communities in Florida.

Scrub Jays often fly long distances from one conspicous perch to another. Their flight involves vigorous flapping, frequently interrupted as the bird drops in a shallow arc on stiffly spread wings and tail or on closed wings.


Description:11-13" (28-33 cm). There is a fair amount of geographical variation in this crestless species; differences in size and in the shade and extent of blue occur on the upperparts and underparts. The upperparts, including the wings and tail, are rich, deep blue, except for the back, which is a contrasting brown to gray-brown. The throat and upper breast are whitish with narrow, bluish streaking, boldly separated from the gray underparts by a jagged, blue to blue-gray necklace; this necklace may be diffuse and incomplete, depending on race. The undertail coverts are whitish to bluish, varying among the subspecies.


Voice : A very harsh, often-repeated ike-ike-ike, with slight upward inflection; longer, rough, slightly metallic, sharply rising iennuk; rough, rapidly repeated quick-quick-quick; also several usually raucous variations.


Similar Species : Gray-breasted Jay stouter, usually shows less contrast and duller coloring; mask paler; lacks white eyebrows, white on throat, and bluish necklace. Immature Gray-breasted stouter, with shorter, less rounded tails. Calls and habitats different.


Range: Resident from southwestern Washington to southwestern Wyoming and Colorado, south to Baja California, cent ral Texas, and into southern Mexico. Also isolated populations on Santa Cruz Island off California, and in cent ral Florida.

Scrub Jay  Scrub Jay

Common Raven

Latin name: Corvus Coras

Yupik name: Tulukaruq

Northwestern Crow

Latin name: Corvus caurinus

Yupik name: Tulukaruq

Scrub Jay

Latin name: Aphelocoma coerulescens

Blue Jay

Latin name: Cyanocitta cristata

Clark's Nutcracker

Latin Name: Nucifraga Columbiana

Black-billed Magpie

Latin name: Pica pica

Yupik name: Qalqerayak

Stellers Jay

Latin Name: Cyanocitta stefferi

Gray Jay

Latin name: Pertsoreus Canadensis

Yupik name: Neqaig, Kisirallerr

Student Encounters
Original Student Folktales
from our community
S.E. Alaska


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 23, 2006