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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






Common Raven
Latin name: Corvus Coras

Yupik name: Tulukaruq

The Common Raven is a large, all black bird similar to the Common Crow. Though it is much larger and much heavier than a crow, this difference may be difficult to discern from a distance. The raven's longer wings and long, wedge-shaped or rounded tail further distinguish it from the crow, which has a shorter, more squared tail.

The bill of the Common Raven is huge, very deep at the base, and relatively much larger that the crow's. The Raven's neck feathers are pointed, giving it a distinctively shaggy appearance. Common Ravens are amazing aerial acrobats, soaring, tumbling, rolling, and even chasing hawks and eagles. Theses birds are omnivorous, and seem to be especially fond of carrion; they are often seen over and along highways searching for and feeding on road kills. This species is found in a wide variety of habitats, including rocky seacoasts, steep canyons, dense boreal forests, foothills, mountains (even at altitudes above timberline), deserts, and Arctic tundra. Common Ravens are usually seen singly, in pairs, or in small groups. It is considered to be the most intelligent bird in the world.Description21 1/2-27" (54.5-68.5cm). This is a large black bird with a glossy, metallic sheen to its plumage. It is stocky and rounded, with a thick neck, a large head, and a large, very deep black bill. The legs are thick, stocky, and black. The throat feathers are long and pointed, creating shaggy appearance. In flight, the wings appear long, broad, and rounded at the tip rather than pointed; the large, wide tail is long and wedge-shaped or rounded. VoiceVariable, including very hoarse, low-pitched, croaking notes: crock, quak, quork. Similar Species See Chihuahuan Raven. Common Crow much smaller, with relatively smaller bill, shorter, squared tail, and very different call; flies on rather continuous, relatively faster, rolling wingbeats. RangeIn New World, from Arctic Alaska across Canada to Greenland, south through western United States and Mexico to Nicaragua; in eastern United States, found in Maine, western Great Lakes region, Adirondacks, and Appalachians. Also throughout Old Wotid and Southern Hemisphere.

 Common Raven Common Raven

Common Raven

Latin name: Corvus Coras

Yupik name: Tulukaruq

Northwestern Crow

Latin name: Corvus caurinus

Yupik name: Tulukaruq

Scrub Jay

Latin name: Aphelocoma coerulescens

Blue Jay

Latin name: Cyanocitta cristata

Clark's Nutcracker

Latin Name: Nucifraga Columbiana

Black-billed Magpie

Latin name: Pica pica

Yupik name: Qalqerayak

Stellers Jay

Latin Name: Cyanocitta stefferi

Gray Jay

Latin name: Pertsoreus Canadensis

Yupik name: Neqaig, Kisirallerr

Student Encounters
Original Student Folktales
from our community
S.E. Alaska


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
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Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 23, 2006