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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






How Raven Turned Black


One day Raven was flying around and, as usual, was looking for something to eat. At dusk, he noticed a lone house so he lighted by the smokehole and peeked in. When he saw an old woman making akutaq, Raven flew down to the porch and landed making a lot of noise. Then he said; "If you don't give me akutaq, I'll eat you up."

The old woman, thinking it was some kind of monster, grew frightened and threw her akutaq out saying, "Here eat this!" She heard something eating noisily. When it was quiet she peeked out. Seeing nothing, she retrieved her pan.

The next day the old woman made more akutaq. Just when she finished making her akutaq, she heard a loud noise on the porch and a deep voice say, "If you don't give me akutaq, I'll eat you up!" This happened for a couple more days until the old woman became curious about what that big old monster looked like. The old woman made her akutaq again and set it out on the porch. She waited till the monster came, then she peeked out. To her surprise, all she saw was a white raven eating her akutaq. "I'll get him back for scaring the daylights out of me," she thought.

Then she gathered ashes and soot from her fire place and began to make akutaq out of them.

The next day, the old woman made a pan of akutaq for herself. Again, as usual, she heard a loud noise on the porch, then the deep voice say, "If you don't give me akutaq, I'll eat you up!" This time, the old woman threw the akutaq mixed with ashes and soot out the door saying, "Please don't eat me up, I'm just an old woman." Soon the old woman heard slurping noises then choking sounds. And when she peeked out again, she saw that the poor old raven had turned black from all the soot he had eaten.

By: Nick Isaac
Adapted from a story by: George Heckman
How Raven Turned Black

White Raven turns Black

- Ellen Alstrom/Fred Alstrom

The Message from Raven

- Sophie Tiffert/Chris Fitka

A Bear Scare

- Lula Teganlakla/Darcy Kameroff

Eels Are Here

- Charlie Teganlakla/Darcy Kameroff

One Spring Day...

- Teresa Kameroff/Darcy Kameroff

How Raven Turned Black

- Nick Isaac/George Heckman

How Raven Made the Milky Way

- Alexander Isaac

Student Encounters
Original Student Folktales
from our community
S.E. Alaska


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 23, 2006