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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.






How Raven Made the Milky Way

A long time ago Raven used to live on top of a mountain above Ohagmiut. Down below between two round cheek-like rocks he used to keep his kayak. In the river he even made a rock fence for fishing for his salmon. One day though he moved down to Nelson Island. While he was there he visited a man's house where there were many humans gathered together. But since he was only a bird in those days he didn't receive the attention he thought he should have. So he thought he should take on the form of a human. But how could he do this, he wondered?

It so happened that at this man's house he noticed there was a young married woman who was childless. So he thought about her and decided on a plan. When she went to the water bucket to get a drink with her cup, Raven made himself as small as a speck of dust and landed on the surface of the water where she scooped him up and drank him down into her stomach.

While Raven was in her stomach she became pregnant, and after her time gave birth to a healthy baby boy. The boy grew up to be a man and the man became a good hunter and claimed the respect of the people of the land. Thus had Raven achieved his goal.

But Raven wanted to do more. Since there was no sun or moon in those days, it was very dark and hard for people and animals to see what they were doing. So Raven decided to try to find daylight and so make it easier to see. Since it was winter and there was much snow on the ground he put on a pair of snowshoes before he went out in search of the daylight. He slogged along searching and searching but couldn't find daylight on the Earth, so he took off into the heavens thinking he might find it up there. As he slogged along in the sky with his snow-covered snowshoes he left some of the snow on the trail he had travelled. For that reason when you look up at the heavens at night they seem to have a misty covering of snow on them. This is the snowshoe trail that Raven made in his search for the daylight. Today we call it the Milky Way.

By: Alexander Isaac
How Raven Made the Milky Way

White Raven turns Black

- Ellen Alstrom/Fred Alstrom

The Message from Raven

- Sophie Tiffert/Chris Fitka

A Bear Scare

- Lula Teganlakla/Darcy Kameroff

Eels Are Here

- Charlie Teganlakla/Darcy Kameroff

One Spring Day...

- Teresa Kameroff/Darcy Kameroff

How Raven Turned Black

- Nick Isaac/George Heckman

How Raven Made the Milky Way

- Alexander Isaac

Student Encounters
Original Student Folktales
from our community
S.E. Alaska


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Last modified August 23, 2006