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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





(Alces alces) The Moose  (Alces alces) The Moose 

The moose is the largest member in the deer family and in the world. They occur in suitable habitat from the Stikine River in the Alaska panhandle to the Colville River on the Arctic Slope. They're most abundant in the second growth birch forests, timberline plateaus and along the major rivers of Southcentral and Interior Alaska.

Moose are long-legged in the extreme, short-bodied, with a drooping nose, a dewlap under the chin, no apparent tail, mostly a brindled brown color, although this depends on the season and the age of the animal. The hair of a newborn calf is orange brown fading to a lighter rust color as it gets older. Newborn calves weigh 28 to 35 pounds and grow over 300 pounds within five months. Adult males in prime condition weigh from 1000 to 1600 pounds, and females weigh from 800 to 1200 pounds. Only the bulls have antlers. The largest antlers in North America are found in Alaska. In the wild, moose may live over 20 years old.

Moose breed in the fall, with "rut" activities coming late in September and early October. Cow moose first breed when they are 16 to 28 months old. They begin to mature at 16 months. Cows have twins and sometimes even triplets if there is enough food. Most calves are born in muskeg areas, and the cow will defend her newborn calf against even a grizzly bear. Calves begin taking solid food a few days after birth and are weaned in the fall, when the mother is ready to breed again.

During fall and winter, moose feed on birch, willow, and aspen. In the springtime they feed on horsetail, pond weeds, and grass. In the summer they feed on vegetation in shallow ponds. Their main summer diet is the leaves of birch, willow, alder, and aspen.

Moose is an important source of food for Alaska Natives and once was used for clothing and implements. Moose are also an important part of the Alaska landscape because thousands of tourists photograph them.

Man's removal of mature timber through logging and careless use of fire has been beneficial to moose. Young birch and willows have created vast areas of high quality moose habitat. The future will be bright for the species if man learns not to overhunt them and to manipulate habitat so that too many moose won't ruin future food supply.


By:Tatiana Sergie(Alces alces) The Moose 


(Alces alces) The Moose


Moose Fact Sheet


Student Stories


Stories By Parents


Stories By Elders


Stories By Successful Hunters


Stories By School Staff


"If I were a Moose…"




Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 23, 2006