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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Yup'ik RavenMarshall Cultural Atlas

This collection of student work is from Frank Keim's classes. He has wanted to share these works for others to use as an example of Culturally-based curriculum and documentation. These documents have been OCR-scanned. These are available for educational use only.





Editorial Page


Sales Tax has Benefits Too


When you think about sales tax in a small community like Marshall it sounds pretty strange to some people because groceries and merchandise bought in the stores of a rural village are much more expensive than those bought in a larger community like Bethel or Anchorage. In bigger communities sales tax is more normal because things aren't as money guzzling in the first place. But sales tax can help a village community in many different ways.

A general sales tax is an extra charge on the sale of goods and other items. The sales tax is always at a fixed percentage rate but some people say that it takes money from their pockets that could be used for something else. Other people think that it is no big deal and wouldn't mind it.

Now that Marshall is getting a new dump site they will have the choice of paying for the garbage services through sales tax or an extra charge on their water and sewer bill.

A sales tax would be more convenient for Marshall because the village would be able to make more money when people from other communities come in during events like the annual dog races, Fourth of July festivities, or other events. During the Marshall races there are always a lot of people in town. And everyone knows that people like to go to the store to buy things when they are in other places. This would provide revenue for Marshall from nonresidents as well as from the people in the village.

The community would probably even have money left over from the sales tax after paying for the garbage bill. For instance, it could help pay for water and sewer projects and therefore reduce the water and sewer rates. It could also help pay for fuel for the community buildings, help pay cash matches on grants that were made to the city, and other public related activities.

So even though a sales tax might not sound like it's made for a small village, it can be very helpful to the community. As Marshall grows, money will be harder and harder to get from the legislature, and a sales tax would be one easy way for the community to get some revenue to pay its bills. When you think of the sales tax you have to think of its advantages as well as the disadvantages.

Charlotte Alstrom

 Editorial Page

Guest Editorial


Let's Get Rid of Fetal Alcohol



How do you think children with FAS/FAE (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome/Fetal Alcohol Effect) feel? They know they are different from the other children around them because they are always getting teased for the way they look or because they can't do a simple problem in school. They also know their parents are responsible for their problem.

Children with this disorder should not be teased. They should be treated just like other children that surround them. They should also get the same amount of attention from their teachers and other adults around them, especially their parents.

To prevent this problem in the first place, women who use alcohol and tobacco should stop drinking and using tobacco. They should also plan ahead so that they will be ready to take on the responsibilities of parenthood. If they don't think they are ready they should forget about having children. It is very important for parents to realize what could happen to their children if they drink while the mother is pregnant. Parents should always think ahead about the child they are going to have. Mothers especially should think about what kind of future they would like for their children, one that does not include FAS.

Everyone knows that this problem can be prevented but many people don't seem to care. As long as there are some people who don't really care about the problem, it won't be solved. In some cases of FAS the woman might be a prostitute who is high on drugs or alcohol and may not know she is pregnant. So she will keep on drinking. But in most cases the woman knows that she is pregnant but is too careless to watch out for what she does.

Women should remember that their fetus is really sensitive and will get damaged whenever the mother drinks. Even one glass of wine can effect the unborn child. Pregnant mothers and expectant fathers should not get carried away and forget about their still unborn child.

If parents don't care and drink before conceiving or after pregnancy, someday when their children get older they will be sad to find out that they are different from their playmates. And they will hold it against their parents. So to prevent this sad thing from happening, parents should stay away from all drugs, including alcohol both before and after they conceive their children. Like they say, "if you get drunk while you're pregnant, your child will have a hangover for a lifetime." Think about that!

By: Cheryl Hunter

Editorial Page


Feature News

A Good Moose Season

- Kathy Duny

Tank Farm Being Relocated

- Jonathan Boots

Willow Mine to be Mined?

- Lois Moore

Marshall Co-op Store Extension

- Charlotte Alstrom

Marshall's New Armory

- Maurice Turet

Airport Update

- Tatiana Sergie

Marshall Head Start Begins

- Rose Lynn Fitka

Marshall Traditional Council

- Tassie Fitka



Editorial Page 

Sales Tax has Benefits Too

- Charlotte Alstrom


Guest Editorial 

Let's Get Rid of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

- Cheryl Hunter


Max's Message from the Best Little
School on the Yukon



Whats Happenin' at School?


Running Cross Country

First and Second Grades
Third and Fourth Grades
5th & 6th Grades
Richard Olsen's Classes
Nick's Bilingual Classes
Guy's Classes
Frank's Classes
Donna Best's Special Olympics
Marshall Student Council Report


Puzzle Page


October 1997 Calendar


Comic Page


Happy Halloween


Dear Tat


 Elders Page

Trapping at Nageethluk

Story told by Camille Boliver

Look To The Stars
Your Personal Horoscope


Did You Know That...


Message Page (in pdf)


Christmastime Tales
Stories real and imaginary about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1996
Christmastime Tales II
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 1998
Christmastime Tales III
Stories about Christmas, Slavik, and the New Year
Winter, 2000
Summer Time Tails 1992 Summertime Tails II 1993 Summertime Tails III
Summertime Tails IV Fall, 1995 Summertime Tails V Fall, 1996 Summertime Tails VI Fall, 1997
Summertime Tails VII Fall, 1999 Signs of the Times November 1996 Creative Stories From Creative Imaginations
Mustang Mind Manglers - Stories of the Far Out, the Frightening and the Fantastic 1993 Yupik Gourmet - A Book of Recipes  
M&M Monthly    
Happy Moose Hunting! September Edition 1997 Happy Easter! March/April 1998 Merry Christmas December Edition 1997
Happy Valentine’s Day! February Edition 1998 Happy Easter! March/April Edition 2000 Happy Thanksgiving Nov. Edition, 1997
Happy Halloween October 1997 Edition Edible and Useful Plants of Scammon Bay Edible Plants of Hooper Bay 1981
The Flowers of Scammon Bay Alaska Poems of Hooper Bay Scammon Bay (Upward Bound Students)
Family Trees and the Buzzy Lord It takes a Village - A guide for parents May 1997 People in Our Community
Buildings and Personalities of Marshall Marshall Village PROFILE Qigeckalleq Pellullermeng ‘A Glimpse of the Past’
Raven’s Stories Spring 1995 Bird Stories from Scammon Bay The Sea Around Us
Ellamyua - The Great Weather - Stories about the Weather Spring 1996 Moose Fire - Stories and Poems about Moose November, 1998 Bears Bees and Bald Eagles Winter 1992-1993
Fish Fire and Water - Stories about fish, global warming and the future November, 1997 Wolf Fire - Stories and Poems about Wolves Bear Fire - Stories and Poems about Bears Spring, 1992



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
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Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
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Last modified August 23, 2006