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APPENDIX B-PREVIOUS EVENTS

Previous Events at WEIO, AWG, & NYO

 

 

Other World Eskimo Indian Olympics Event 


The literature revealed other events which occurred at previous WEIO included: (WEIO Inc. Publications, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1987, 1990, 1992, and 1993)

Native Baby Contest: This contest was open to Native youngsters who were between six and 24 months of age. Babies and mothers were expected to dress in traditional dress and were judged on general overall appearance.

Seal Skinning Competition: Consisted of cutting open a hair seal at the belly and skinning it as quickly as possible using the sharp-edged ulu.

Ear Weight Competition: Consisted of a sixteen pounds of lead weights suspended from the athlete's ear on a loop of twine. The athlete walked around the auditorium until the weights could no longer be supported.

Eastern Canadian Rope Gymnastics: Consisted of two parts. The first part was the hands were about a shoulder width apart and gripped the rope so the contestant's hands faced opposite directions. The athlete then pulled himself up and over the rope and back to the original position. The object was to see how many revolutions one could do. The second part was the free style where the athlete could do anything with the width of the rope, which will include balancing acts, or any type of gymnastics seen on the high bar. The rope itself was set up about 9 feet off the floor and was very taut.

Leg Wrestling: Consisted of athletes, lying on the ground, raising their right foot, and engaging their opponent at his ankle. Their arms and hands must be on their chest with one hand grasping the other. If an athlete won four consecutive rounds, he could rest and return later to challenge again. The winner was the one who overturned the last challenger.

Native Sewing Competition: Was held during the first three nights of the games. Native women competed against other Native women in sewing traditional Native clothing such as mittens, gloves, slippers, and mukluks. Contestants were judged on styling, sewing techniques, and to a certain degree speed. All sewn items were auctioned at the end of the competition and the seamstresses received the proceeds.

One-Hand Reach-High Kick: Consisted of the athlete balancing on his hands, with his elbows tucked in his lower stomach area, the his body being parallel to the floor. The athlete then took one hand and reached up and touched a suspended target and returned his hand back on the floor before any other part of the his body touched the floor. Each athlete had three attempts at each height. The athlete who reached the target at the highest point was the winner.

Caribou Fight: Consisted of a two athletes on their hands and knees faced each other. The athletes lowered their heads and placed them under the opponent's arm so that the back of their necks rest on each other's shoulders. They then pushed against each other and try to push an athlete out of a circle which determined who was the strongest bull.

Finger Pull: Consisted of athletes who sat on the floor facing each other and hooked the middle fingers of one hand, each one tried to pull the other athlete toward him.

Head Pull: Consisted of two athletes getting on the floor, facing each other, and balancing on their toes and hands. A strap is looped around their necks. They begin a tug of war, pulling backwards until one is pulled over a line, the strap slips off one of their heads, or one of the athletes gives up.

Hop Kick: Consisted of the athletes starting with a belt looped around his neck and one leg. The athlete sat on his free leg, jumped up on the free leg, hopped forward, jumped and kicked a suspended target and landed on the same foot, and then returned to the starting position.

Wrist Carry: Consisted of the athlete maintaining an Indian-style sitting position while hanging from one wrist which was draped over a pole carried by two men. The distance was the objective.

Swing Kick: Consisted of the athletes sitting on the floor while a strap was placed around his neck and knees. He then lifted up on his hands and balanced, getting his feet back on the floor before sitting down.

Toe Walk: Consisted of the athlete being barefooted and got up on the knuckles of his toes and started walking as far as they could go.

Elbow Walk: Consisted of the athlete positioned on the floor on elbows and toes, with his hands holding onto his ears. From this position, he walked on elbows and toes as far he could go.

Back Push: Consisted of two athletes sitting back to back on the floor, with their right hands on the floor between their legs and their left hands outside their legs. Their knees were bent with their feet flat on the floor. At a given signal both athletes began pushing against each other until one crossed over a line.

 

 Other Arctic Winter Games include: (AWG, 1995)

Cross-country Skiing: Consists of 1 KM Free, 5 KM Free, 7.5 KM Free, 10 KM Free, 5 KM Classic, 3 KM Classic, 3 X 3 KM Relay Classic, and 3 X 5 KM Relay Classic. It originated in Scandinavia over 5,000 year ago.

Ski Biathlon: Consists of 7.5 KM Individual, 10 KM Individual, 15 KM Individual, 5 KM Sprint, 7.5 KM Sprint, 10 KM Sprint, 4 X 5 KM Relay, and 4 X 7.5 KM Relay. Ski Biathlon combines the speed of cross-country skiing with the shooting accuracy of small bore rifle. It's history can be traced to the military mountain border patrols.

Snowshoeing: Consists of 5 KM Cross Country, 4 X 400 M Mixed Relay, 16 KM Cross Country, 10 KM Cross Country, and 1500 KM Individual. Snowshoeing became popular in the middle of last century. Snowshoes are made of wooden frames laced with animal hide.

Silhouette Shooting: Consists of Coed Rifle Individual and Team events using small bore rifles and silhouettes.

Badminton: Consists of singles, mixed doubles, and doubles tournaments. This sport requires quickness, excellent eye-hand coordination, superb physical fitness, and a wide range of motor skills.

Indoor Soccer: Consists of Team Games, Semi Finals, and ULU Rounds. Indoor soccer consists of two teams with five players each.

Short Track Speedskating: Consists of 333 M Individual, 500 M Individual, 777 M Individual, 1000 M Individual, 1500 M Individual, 2000 M Relay, & 3000 M Relay. Both indoor and outdoor speedskating have been popular for more than 100 years.

Gymnastics: Consists of Floor Exercise, Pommell Horse, High Bar, Rings Parallel Bar, Vault, Balance Beam, and Uneven Bars. Gymnastics attracts people of all ages for fitness, fun, social relaxation, and competition.

Curling: Consists of First Round Robin, Second Round Robin, Semi Finals Tie Breaker, and ULU Round. Curling is an ice sport played by two teams who play alternately throwing the "stone" which weighs more than 44 pounds and clearing the way with brooms.

Snowshoe Biathlon: Consists of 5 KM Individual, 3 KM Sprint, and 4 X 3 KM Mixed Relay. Snowshoe Biathlon combines the speed and quickness of snowshoe running with the patience and accuracy required for sharp shooting.

Figure Skating: Consists of Elements Competition, Figure Competition, Free Skate Competition, and Exhibition Of Champions. Figure skating is where solo and pair skaters display technical ability in skating prescribed figures and creativity in free skating.

Volleyball: Was developed in the US about 100 years ago. As it became more competitive, skills became more sophisticated and intricate strategies of defense and offense developed.

Alpine Skiing: Consists of Super Giant Slalom, Giant Slalom, and Slalom races. Alpine skiing was added to AWG in 1994. It was brought to North America by the Scandinavian immigrants.

Dog Mushing: Consists of Coed 7.5 KM Individual, 10 KM Individual, 13 KM Individual, 7.5 KM Team, and 10 KM Team. Dog mushing was a method of winter travel developed by northern native people. Early French drivers used the voice command "Marche" to spur their teams. This was mispronounced "mush" and now this type of transportation is called dog mushing.

Hockey: Consists of Team Games and ULU Games. Hockey will represent the largest single event with 280 athletes and coaches from Alaska, Alberta, Yukon, and Northwest Territories competing.

Table Tennis: Consists of Singles and Two-Player Team Competition. Table Tennis is a fast paced indoor competition.

Basketball: Was invented by Canadian James A. Naismith in 1891. Originally basketball had 13 rules. Today it is a highly skilled sport with an intricate blend of cooperation, timing, and intuition.

Wrestling: Consists of Team Event, Free Style, and Inuit Traditional. Free Style is the most common. Wrestling has been a form of sports competition for centuries.

The literature revealed other events which occurred at previous AWG included: (Sports north of 60 degrees, 1980)

200 km. ski marathon individual triathlon (speed skating, skiing, and running)

Traditional Inuit: Stick Pull Ear Pull Musk-Ox Push Rope Gymnastics

Dene Games: spear-throw

 

 Other Native Youth Olympics Events


The literature also revealed three events which occurred at previous NYO's which are not included in the current listings: (Native Youth Olympics, 1983 and Native Youth Olympics Programs, 1984, and 1989)

Head Pull: Consists of two athletes, on their toes and hands, facing each other in the middle of a 10 foot circle. No other part of their bodies are touching the floor. A loop strap is placed behind their heads. The objective is to pull the opponent backwards and out of the circle. No jerking or regripping the strap is permitted. The winner pulls their opponent out of the circle or pulls the strap off the opponent's head.

Leg Wrestling: Consists of two athletes lying on a mat, side by side, and in opposite directions. Their arms must be clasped across their torsos. Each athletes swings the leg nearest his opponent three times vertically by the count of the judge. On the third time, they lock legs. The winner must roll his opponent over two out of three tries.

Toe Kick: Consists of athletes jumping forward from a starting line, attempting to kick a rod, 1 inch in diameter and approximately 12 inches long, backwards with his toes, then land on both feet simultaneously at the point beyond the original position of the rod. There will be no hops or jumps before the starting line. The rod will be moved away from the starting line (at 48 inches for boys and 30 inches for girls) in two inch increments after each athlete has completed the jump. The winner is determined by the longest distance jumped between the starting line and the rod.

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Last modified August 14, 2006