Level 3

Alaska Science
Key Element

A student who meets the content standard should act upon reasoned decisions and evaluate the effectiveness of the action.

green rule

Performance Standard Level 3, Ages 11–14

Students use scientific reasoning to design a solution to a problem or issue and evaluate the effectiveness of the solution.

Sample Assessment Ideas

green rule

Sample Assessment Ideas

  • Students test the effectiveness of various food storage methods; test their designs; analyze the effectiveness of each method.

  • Students examine permafrost, the effects of the removal of tundra, types of foundations used in villages, and which homes need more frequent leveling, and determine the best foundation for a house built on permafrost. A booklet will be printed on recommendations for future foundation construction.

Standards Cross-Reference green rule

Standards Cross-References
( Alaska Department of Education & Early Development Standards

National Science Education Standards

Design a solution or product. Students should make and compare different proposals in the light of the criteria they have selected. They must consider constraints, such as cost, time, trade-offs, and materials needed—and communicate ideas with drawings and simple models. (Page 165)

Implement a proposed solution. Students should organize materials and other resources, plan their work, make good use of group collaboration where appropriate, choose suitable tools and techniques, and work with appropriate measurement methods to ensure adequate accuracy. (Page 165)

Evaluate completed technological designs or products. Students should use criteria relevant to the original purpose or need, consider a variety of factors that might affect acceptability and suitability for intended users or beneficiaries, and develop measures of quality with respect to such criteria and factors; they should also suggest improvements and, for their own products, try proposed modifications. (Page 165)

Communicate the process of technological design. Students should review and describe any completed piece of work and identify the stages of problem identification, solution design, implementation, and evaluation. (Page 166)

Science cannot answer all questions and technology cannot solve all human problems or meet all human needs. Students should understand the difference between scientific and other questions. They should appreciate what science and technology can reasonably contribute to society and what they cannot do. For example, new technologies often will decrease some risks and increase others. (Page 169)



Technology cannot always provide successful solutions for problems or fulfill every human need. (Page 55)

Societies influence what aspects of technology are developed and how these are used. People control technology (as well as science) and are responsible for its effects. (Page 56)

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