Level 3

Alaska Science
Key Element

A student who meets the content standard should participate in reasoned discussions of public policy related to scientific innovation and proposed technological solutions to problems.

green rule

Performance Standard Level 3, Ages 11–14

Students describe how public policy affects their lives and participate diplomatically in evidence-based discussions relating to their community.

Sample Assessment Ideas

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Sample Assessment Ideas

  • Students choose an issue from their community (e.g., aerial wolf hunting, fishing in national parks, air boats, failure to adopt recycling, subsistence fishing, goose over-population, etc.), choose a policy position, and using evidence present arguments for their position.

  • Students choose a school policy (e.g., Internet access, teacher-student ratios) and provide both positive and negative effects on the school population.

Standards Cross-Reference green rule

Standards Cross-References
( Alaska Department of Education & Early Development Standards

National Science Education Standards

The potential for accidents and the existence of hazards imposes the need for injury prevention. Safe living involves the development and use of safety precautions and the recognition of risk in personal decisions. Injury prevention has personal and social dimensions. (Page 168)

Human activities also can induce hazards through resource acquisition, urban growth, land-use decisions, and waste disposal. Such activities can accelerate many natural changes. (Page 168)

Science influences society through its knowledge and world view. Scientific knowledge and the procedures used by scientists influence the way many individuals in society think about themselves, others and the environment. The effect of science on society is neither entirely beneficial nor entirely detrimental. (Page 169)

Societal challenges often inspire questions for scientific research, and social priorities often influence research priorities through the availability of funding for research. (Page 169)

Technology influences society through its products and processes. Technology influences the quality of life and the ways people act and interact. Technological changes are often accompanied by social, political, and economic changes that can be beneficial or detrimental to individuals and to society. Social needs, attitudes, and values influence the direction of technological development. (Page 169)



The human ability to shape the future comes from a capacity for generating knowledge and developing new technologies—and for communicating ideas to others. (Page 55)

Technology cannot always provide successful solutions for problems or fulfill every human need. (Page 55)

New technologies increase some risks and decrease others. Some of the same technologies that have improved the length and quality of life for many people have also brought new risks. (Page 56)

Rarely are technology issues simple and one-sided. Relevant facts alone, even when known and available, usually do not settle matters entirely in favor of one side or another. That is because the contending groups may have different values and priorities. They may stand to gain or lose in different degrees, or may make very different predictions about what the future consequences of the proposed action will be. (Page 56)

Societies influence what aspects of technology are developed and how these are used. People control technology (as well as science) and are responsible for its effects. (Page 56)

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