Level 2

Alaska Science
Key Element

A student who meets the content standard should participate in reasoned discussions of public policy related to scientific innovation and proposed technological solutions to problems.


blue rule

Performance Standard Level 2, Ages 8–10

Students debate the usefulness of various science tools and technological innovations in their community.

Sample Assessment Ideas

blue rule

Sample Assessment Ideas

  • Students debate the usefulness of snow machines and four-wheel drives.

  • Students hold a community forum to discuss the usefulness of diverse tools and innovations used in the community such as an ice auger and a berry picker; a fish trap and rain gear.

Standards Cross-Reference blue rule

Standards Cross-References
( Alaska Department of Education & Early Development Standards

National Science Education Standards

The potential for accidents and the existence of hazards imposes the need for injury prevention. Safe living involves the development and use of safety precautions and the recognition of risk in personal decisions. Injury prevention has personal and social dimensions. (Page 168)

Human activities also can induce hazards through resource acquisition, urban growth, land-use decisions, and waste disposal. Such activities can accelerate many natural changes. (Page 168)

Science influences society through its knowledge and world view. Scientific knowledge and the procedures used by scientists influence the way many individuals in society think about themselves, others and the environment. The effect of science on society is neither entirely beneficial nor entirely detrimental. (Page 169)



Any invention is likely to lead to other inventions. Once an invention exists, people are likely to think up ways of using it that were never imagined at first. (Page 54)

Transportation, communication, nutrition, sanitation, health care, entertainment, and other technologies give large numbers of people today the goods and services that once were luxuries enjoyed only by the wealthy. These benefits are not equally available to everyone. (Page 54)

Technologies often have drawbacks as well as benefits. A technology that helps some people or organisms may hurt others—either deliberately (as weapons can) or inadvertently (as pesticides can). When harm occurs or seems likely, choices have to be made or new solutions found. (Page 55)

Because of their ability to invent tools and processes, people have an enormous effect on the lives of other living things. (Page 55)

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