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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide


Scanned-Digitized Version
Thomas (Tom) R. Hopkins

Original Citation
Meriam, Lewis. THE PROBLEM OF INDIAN ADMINISTRATION. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1928, 872 pp.



Fundamental Needs
Recognition of the individual
A better personnel
Salary schedules
The question of cost
Education and the Indian Problem as a Whole
Importance of home and family life
More than mere schooling necessary
Adults in the education program
Civic education through directed experiences
Education and other Indian "business"
Undesirable effects of routinization
Can the Indian be "Educated"?
Evidence of intelligence tests
Experience of teachers and others
Indian " psychology "
The Amount of Schooling
Need for Indian school census
Enrollment below normal still
"Over-age" children and attendance
Illiteracy among Indians
Heavy increases in enrollment likely
Better attendance a home and school problem
The Educational Personnel of the Indian Service
Amount of training for teachers
Salaries abnormally low
Matrons and "disciplinarians
Professional qualifications necessary
Methods of appointment
Chief changes needed in personnel provisions
New educational positions Deeded
The Course of Study for Indian Schools
Suggestion rather than prescription
Program versus actuality
A special curriculum opportunity
The real objectives of education
Timeliness of curriculum revision
School Organization in the Indian Service
Half-time plan not feasible for all children
A full-day educational program needed
The platoon plan
The personnel problem again
Teaching Methods in Indian Schools
Need for knowledge of modern methods
Study of the individual child
Using tests in the " Regular Subjects"
Emotional behavior and teaching methods
Methods depend upon personnel
Industrial and Agricultural Education
Need for industrial survey
Types of training in the schools
Vocational agriculture
Vocational training for girls
Variety of occupations necessary
Half-time and vocational training
The outing system
Vocational guidance, placement, and follow-up
Education and economic wealth
Health Education
Health conditions at the schools
What should be included in a health education program
Physical education and recreation
Religious Education
Types of religious education
Missions and a social viewpoint
Adult Education
Elimination of illiteracy
Other forms of adult education
Community participation
The Non-Reservation Boarding School
Place of the non-reservation school
Special opportunities
Needed changes
The returned student
Reservation Boarding Schools
Place of reservation boarding schools
Mission Schools
Mission schools as pioneers
Government supervision
Leadership and mission education
Government Day Schools
A home and community enterprise
Needs of the day schools
Experimentation in the day school
Public Schools and Indian Children
Advantages of the public school
Danger in too rapid extension
Finance and supervision
School social workers
Higher Education and the Indian
Types of special training
Adequate Secondary Education Needed
Scholarship and other aids
School Plant and Equipment
Too many old buildings
Machinery and other institutional equipment
Freedom to select materials and textbooks
Administration of Indian Education
Indians and other government agencies
Technical staff necessary for cooperation
Financing the Indian Educational Program
What the cost is likely to be
Amount suggested is small


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Last modified April 25, 2008