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BIA EDUCATION RESEARCH BULLETIN, YEAR 1973

ESTIMATES OF RESIDENT INDIAN POPULATION AND LABOR FORCE STATUS; BY AREA AND STATE: MARCH 1972

Louis H. Conger Jr.

Coverage. The term resident Indian means Indians living on or near federal reservations, it also includes Indians living in former reservation areas of Okalahoma, and all Indians and Alaska Natives in Alaska.

This year we include for the first time about 38,000 rural Indians living in California counties containing Indian trust land. Thus the total of 533,744 in March 1972 is not comparable to the 488,083 reported for March 1971.

Labor force status is not estimated for about 39,000 Indians, mostly the rural California groups. Information is lacking.

Estimated figures. The local Agency offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs estimate the figures using whatever information is available. Accuracy varies from place to place; it is particularly difficult to estimate for Alaska, Oklahoma, and the Navajo reservation where Indians are scattered over enormous geographic areas. Figures are reported to units, even though they are estimated because of the many small figures which would not add to totals and subtotals if rounded.

Labor force status. The labor force reported here includes all persons 16 years and older except those who cannot work because they are attending school, caring for children, or are unable to work by reason of disability, retirement, or age. Unlike the national statistics we include persons not seeking work because of difficulty in estimating this group without expensive surveys. There are also problems in developing a useful concept of those seeking work in places where few jobs are available, as in many of the reservations. In any case, to include persons not wanting work in the labor force results in a higher unemployment rate than would be found in a standard household survey such as the Current Population Survey.

Employment is defined according to national standards, and refers to the third week of March, or a nearby week. The term "temporary employment" means jobs which are seasonal or part-time.

Age and sex. The total population distributed by broad age groups and by sex is given in the table below. Labor force status is not known for the various age groups.

Table 1
ESTIMATES OF RESIDENT INDIAN POPULATION
BY AGE AND SEX: MARCH 1972

Age Total Male Female
All ages 533,750 267,200 266,550
Under 16 237,100 118,500 118,600
16 to 24 98,450 49,200 49,250
25 to 34 63,750 31,750 32,000
35 to 44 50,550 25,050 25,500
45 to 64 59,000 29,750 29,250
65 and over 24,900 12,950 11,950
Median age
(based on
unrounded
figures)
18 18 18

 

*After 1970 Haskell Institute became Haskell Indian Junior College. Data obtained from 1971 HIJC Memo Calendar.

Labor

Labor

Labor


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Last modified March 12, 2008