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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide
 

Subsistence Curriculum Materials

Yup'ik Region

Classrooom Ready
Draft Stage
Support Materials

Preschool

K

 

Patterns K-2 (C)

Storyknife K-2 (C)

Qaspeq K-3 (C)

1

Berries 1-3 (C)

Numeration 1-2 (C)

2

Animal Class. 1-2 wks. (LKSD)

3

Plants 3-5, 2-3 wks. (YSD)

Baskets 3-4 (C)

4

5

Fish Racks 5-6 (C)

Smoke Houses 5-6 (C)

6

Star Navigation 5-6 (C)

7 & 8

9 - 12

Subsist Map. 4-6 wks. (LKSD)

Pitengnaaqsaraq (game)

Tununermiut: People of Tununak (film)

Uksum Cauyai: Drums of Winter (film)

People of No River (film)

Let's Eat (video)

The Way We Live (video)

St. Mary's Potlatch (video)

Return to Subsistence SPIRAL Chart
Note: There are additional (C) units in development.

Note also: The Lower Kuskokwim School District has additional materials available in Yup'ik.

(C) denotes units focusing on subsistence and mathematicsl, developed under Adapting Yup'ik Elders Knowledge, and vary from 15 to 45 days in length.

LKSD is Lower Kuskokwim School District

YSD is Yupiit School District.

 

Library Resources For Developing Subsistence Curriculum

E. W. Nelson Eskimo About Bering Strait. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1983 [1899]

William Fitzhugh and Susan Kaplan Inua: Spirit World of the Bering Sea Eskimo. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1983

Chase Hensel Telling Our Selves : Ethnicity and Discourse in Southwestern Alaska. New York : Oxford University Press, 1996.

Garibaldi, Ann. Medicinal flora of the Alaska Natives : a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian, and Yupik traditional healing methods using plants Anchorage, Alaska : Alaska Natural Heritage Program 1999.

 

Relevant reports from Subsistence Division, Alaska Department of Fish and Game Technical Paper Series: Yup'ik

Andersen, David B. and Jan H. Overturf. 1984. Regional Subsistence Bibliography, Western and Southwestern Alaska. Volume V, Number 1. Technical Paper No. 111.

Andrews, Elizabeth and Raymond Peterson. 1983. Wild Resource Use of the Tuluksak River Drainage by Residents of Tuluksak, 1980-1983. Technical Paper No. 87.

Andrews, Elizabeth and Michael W. Coffing. 1986. Kuskokwim River Subsistence Chinook Fisheries: An Overview. Technical Paper No. 146.

Andrews, Elizabeth. 1986. Yukon River Subsistence Fall Chum Fisheries: An Overview. Technical Paper No. 147.

Andrews, Elizabeth. 1989. The Akulmuit: Territorial Dimensions of a Yup'ik Eskimo Society. Technical Paper No. 177.

Harvests in the Kuskokwim Area During 1990. Technical Paper No. 205.

Behnke, Steven R. 1980. Bristol Bay Subsistence Fisheries: 1980 Status Report. Technical Paper No. 41.

Behnke, Steven R. 1980. Memorandum: The Status of Subsistence Fisheries in Bristol Bay, 1980. Technical Paper No. 42.

Behnke, Steven R. 1980. Naknek River Subsistence Proposals. Technical Paper No. 43.

Behnke, Steven R. 1981. Background: Proposed Closure of the Upper Naknek River to Gillnet Fishery. Technical Paper No. 45.

Behnke, Steven R. 1981. Subsistence Use of Brown Bear in the Bristol Bay Area: A Review of Available Information. Technical Paper

Brelsford, Taylor, Raymond Peterson, and Terry L. Haynes. 1986. An Overview of Resource Use Patterns in the Central Kuskokwim: Aniak, Crooked Creek, and Red Devil. Technical Paper No. 141.

Charnley, Susan. 1982. Resource Use Areas in the Aniak and Oskawalik River Drainages. Technical Paper No. 50.

Charnley, Susan. 1983. Moose Hunting in Two Central Kuskokwim Communities: Chuathbaluk and Sleetmute. Technical Paper No. 76.

Charnley, Susan. 1984. Human Ecology of Two Central Kuskokwim Communities: Chuathbaluk and Sleetmute. Technical Paper No. 81.

Chythlook, Molly and James A. Fall. Forthcoming. Subsistence Harvests and Uses in Levelock, Southwest Alaska. Technical Paper No. 184.

Coffing, Michael W. 1992. Kwethluk Subsistence: Contemporary Land Use Patterns, Wild Resource Harvest and Use, and the Subsistence Economy of a Lower Kuskokwim River Area Community. Technical Paper No. 157.

Coffing, Michael W. and Charles Utermohle. Forthcoming. Subsistence Salmon Harvests in the Kuskokwim Area During 1990. Technical Paper No. 205.

Ellanna, Linda J. and George K. Sherrod. 1984. The Role of Kinship Linkages in Subsistence Production: Some Implications for Community Organization. Technical Paper No. 100.

Fall, James A., Janet Schichnes, Molly Chythlook, and Robert J. Walker. 1986. Patterns of Wild Resource Use in Dillingham: Hunting and Fishing in an Alaskan Regional Center. Technical Paper No. 135.

Fall, James A., Molly B. Chythlook, Janet E. Schichnes, and Judith M. Morris. Forthcoming. An Overview of the Harvest and Use of Freshwater Fish by Communities of the Bristol Bay Region, Southwest Alaska. Technical Paper No. 166.

Fall, James A., Molly Chythlook, Janet Schichnes, and Rick Sinnott. 1991. Walrus Hunting at Togiak, Bristol Bay, Southwest Alaska. Technical Paper No. 212.

Fall, James A. 1993. An Overview of Subsistence Uses of the Northern Alaska Peninsula Caribou Herd by Communities of Game Management Units 9C and 9E. Technical Paper No. 224.

Gross, Joseph. 1987 (1991 Revised). Subsistence Fishing Patterns on the Togiak River and the Impact of Sport Fishing. Technical Paper No. 203.

Jonrowe, DeeDee. 1980. Middle Kuskokwim Food Survey, December 1979. Technical Paper No. 51.

Kari, Priscilla Russell. 1983. Land Use and Economy of Lime Village. Technical Paper No. 80.

Kari, Priscilla Russell. 1985. Wild Resource Use and Economy of Stony River Village. Technical Paper No. 108.

Morris, Judith M. 1982. Naknek River Subsistence and Personal Use Fisheries, 1982. Technical Paper No. 48.

Morris, Judith. 1985. Use of Fish and Wildlife Resources by Residents of the Bristol Bay Borough, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 123.

Morris Judith. 1986. Subsistence Production and Exchange in the Iliamna Lake Region, Southwest Alaska, 1982-1983, November 1986. Technical Paper No. 136.

Pete, Mary C. 1984. Subsistence Use of Herring in the Nelson Island Region of Alaska. Technical Paper No. 113.

Pete, Mary C. 1991. Contemporary Patterns of Wild Resource Use by Residents of Russian Mission, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 127.

Pete, Mary C. and Ronald E. Kreher. 1986. Subsistence Herring Fishing in the Nelson Island District. Technical Paper No. 144.

Pete, Mary C., Daniel E. Albrecht, and Ronald Kreher. 1987. Subsistence Herring Fishing in the Nelson Island District and Northern Kuskokwim Bay, 1987. Technical Paper No. 160.

Pete, Mary C. 1991. Subsistence Herring Fishing in the Eastern Bering Sea Region: Nelson Island, Nunivak Island, and Kuskokwim Bay. Technical Paper No. 192.

Pete, Mary C. 1990. Subsistence Herring Fishing in the Nelson Island and Nunivak Island Districts, 1990. Technical Paper No. 196.

Pete, Mary C. 1991. Subsistence Herring Fishing in the Nelson and Nunivak Island Districts, 1991. Technical Paper No. 211.

Pete, Mary. 1992. 1992 Herring Survey Report. Technical Paper No. 221.

Pete, Mary. Forthcoming. Tununak Baseline Study. Technical Paper No. 222.

Schichnes, Janet C. and Molly B. Chythlook. 1988. Wild Resource Uses in Manokotak, Southwest Alaska. Technical Paper No. 152.

Schichnes, Janet and Molly Chythlook. 1991. Contemporary Use of Fish and Wildlife in Ekwok, Koliganek, and New Stuyahok, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 185.

Schichnes, Janet, Molly Chythlook, and Jody Seitz. Forthcoming. Subsistence Uses in Aleknagik, 1990. Technical Paper No. 194.

Seitz, Jody. Forthcoming. Subsistence Uses in Clark's Point, 1990. Technical Paper No. 186.

Seitz, Jody. 1990. Subsistence Fishing in the Nushagak Bay, Southwest Alaska. Technical Paper No. 195.

Staff. 1981. Draft Options for Naknek River Subsistence Fishery. Technical Paper No. 49.

Stanek, Ronald T., Robert J. Wolfe, Compiler. 1994. Subsistence Use of Beluga Whale in Cook Inlet, Part 2 of The Subsistence harvest of Beluga Whale in Bristol Bay and Cook inlet by Alaska Natives, 1993. Technical Paper No. 232.

Stickney, Alice A. 1980. Middle Kuskokwim Food Resources Survey: Status Report. Technical Paper No. 52.

Stickney, Alice A. 1981. Middle Kuskokwim Food Survey II. Technical Paper No. 53.

Stickney, Alice A. 1984. Coastal Ecology and Wild Resource Use in the Central Bering Sea Area: Hooper Bay and Kwigillingok. Technical Paper No. 85.

Walker, Robert J. and Michael W. Coffing. 1993. Subsistence Salmon Harvest in the Kuskokwim Area During 1989. Technical Paper No. 189.

Wolfe, Robert J. 1981. Norton Sound/Yukon Delta Sociocultural Systems Baseline Analysis. Technical Paper No. 59.

Wolfe, Robert J. 1982. The Subsistence Salmon Fishery of the Lower Yukon River. Technical Paper No. 60.

Wolfe, Robert J., Joseph J. Gross, Steven J. Langdon, John M. Wright, George K. Sherrod, Linda J. Ellanna, Valerie Sumida, and Peter J. Usher. 1984. Subsistence-Based Economies in Coastal Communities of Southwest Alaska. Technical Paper No. 89.

Wolfe, Robert J., James A. Fall, Virginia Fay, Susan Georgette, James S. Magdanz, Sverre Pedersen, Mary C. Pete, and Janet Schichnes (contributors). 1986. The Role of Fish and Wildlife in the Economies of Barrow, Bethel, Dillingham, Kotzebue, and Nome. Technical Paper No. 154.

Wolfe, Robert J. and Craig Mishler. 1993. The Subsistence Harvest of Harbor Seal and Sea Lion by Alaska Natives in 1992. Technical Paper No. 229.

Wolfe, Robert J. and Craig Mishler. 1993. The Subsistence Harvest of Harbor Seal and Sea Lion by Alaska Natives in 1993. Technical Paper No. 233.

Wolfe, Robert J. and Mary C. Pete. 1984. Use of Caribou and Reindeer in the Andreafsky Mountains. Technical Paper No. 98.

Wright, John M., Judith Morris, and Robert Schroeder. 1985. Bristol Bay Regional Subsistence Profile. Technical Paper No. 114.

Wright, John M. and Molly Chythlook. 1985. Subsistence Harvests of Herring Spawn on Kelp in the Togiak District of Bristol Bay. Technical Paper No. 116.

Recommendations:

1. Encourage Iñupiaq subsistence curriculum development. There is a large void here. This might include contracting with someone to prepare materials from the Simon Paniak Museum for publication, as well as encouraging Elmer Jackson to further develop his draft, and NWASD to make their materials classroom ready.

2. Work with Jerry Lipka and Ciulistet to encourage publication of their materials. These materials form the backbone (or could) of subsistence materials from the Yup'ik area.

3. Encourage Aleut and Alutiiq subsistence curriculum development. There is a huge void here. I am not sure what to suggest. I have worked with Cugachmiut on subsistence curriculum, but their focus is on language materials at present. Perhaps the Alutiiq Museum and KANA might be the best bets. There is a fur seal curriculum planned for the Pribilofs, but it is only in the planning stages.

4. Encourage the publication of the TCC Headstart materials. Sara Kienzli the Director, is looking for a commercial publisher, but it would be a good idea to make contact with her again in the spring, as she is extremely busy, and may only follow up to a limited extent. If she is unable to find a commercial publisher, I would recommend that ANKN co-publish or something. She also has information of traditional child rearing practices and beliefs for the Koyukon and Gwich'in areas.

5. Fund more updating and publishing of Iditarod School District materials. It would be nice to see another 6 developed, and then all 13 published together as a book.

6. Encourage development of the Salmon Curriculum Matrix, as a way of integrating SE Alaska materials in a larger framework.

7. Stay abreast of the 7th Grade curriculum David Thunder Eagle and Pat Partnow are creating at CITC.

 

 

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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
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Last modified August 14, 2006