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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Subsistence Curriculum Materials

St. Lawrence Island Yupik

Classrooom Ready
Draft Stage
Support Materials









7 & 8

9 - 12

On the Spring Ice (film)

In Time of Whaling (film) In Iirgu's Time (film)

Return to Subsistence SPIRAL Chart
Note: The Bering Straits School District has St. Lawrence Island Curriculum in the St. Lawrence Island Yup'ik Language.


Library Resources For Developing Subsistence Curriculum

Garibaldi, Ann. Medicinal flora of the Alaska Natives : a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian, and Yupik traditional healing methods using plants Anchorage, Alaska : Alaska Natural Heritage Program 1999.


Relevant reports from Subsistence Division, Alaska Department of Fish and Game Technical Paper Series: St. Lawrence Island Yupik

Ellanna, Linda J. 1983. Bering Strait Insular Eskimo: A Diachronic Study of Ecology and Population Structure. Technical Paper No. 77.

Ellanna, Linda J. 1983. Technological and Social Change of Marine Mammal Hunting Patterns in Bering Strait. Technical Paper No. 79.

Ellanna, Linda J. and George K. Sherrod. 1984. The Role of Kinship Linkages in Subsistence Production: Some Implications for Community Organization. Technical Paper No. 100.

Sherrod, George K. 1982. The Harvest and Use of Marine Mammals in Fifteen Eskimo Communities. Technical Paper No. 56.


1. Encourage Iñupiaq subsistence curriculum development. There is a large void here. This might include contracting with someone to prepare materials from the Simon Paniak Museum for publication, as well as encouraging Elmer Jackson to further develop his draft, and NWASD to make their materials classroom ready.

2. Work with Jerry Lipka and Ciulistet to encourage publication of their materials. These materials form the backbone (or could) of subsistence materials from the Yup'ik area.

3. Encourage Aleut and Alutiiq subsistence curriculum development. There is a huge void here. I am not sure what to suggest. I have worked with Cugachmiut on subsistence curriculum, but their focus is on language materials at present. Perhaps the Alutiiq Museum and KANA might be the best bets. There is a fur seal curriculum planned for the Pribilofs, but it is only in the planning stages.

4. Encourage the publication of the TCC Headstart materials. Sara Kienzli the Director, is looking for a commercial publisher, but it would be a good idea to make contact with her again in the spring, as she is extremely busy, and may only follow up to a limited extent. If she is unable to find a commercial publisher, I would recommend that ANKN co-publish or something. She also has information of traditional child rearing practices and beliefs for the Koyukon and Gwich'in areas.

5. Fund more updating and publishing of Iditarod School District materials. It would be nice to see another 6 developed, and then all 13 published together as a book.

6. Encourage development of the Salmon Curriculum Matrix, as a way of integrating SE Alaska materials in a larger framework.

7. Stay abreast of the 7th Grade curriculum David Thunder Eagle and Pat Partnow are creating at CITC.



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
University of Alaska Fairbanks
PO Box 756730
Fairbanks  AK 99775-6730
Phone (907) 474.1902
Fax (907) 474.1957
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Last modified August 14, 2006