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Native Pathways to Education
Alaska Native Cultural Resources
Indigenous Knowledge Systems
Indigenous Education Worldwide

Subsistence Curriculum Materials

General Alaskan Athabascan Region

Classrooom Ready
Draft Stage
Support Materials

Preschool TCC Headstart


2 wks. (Fbx. ANE)

2 wks. K-6 Moose (IASD)

1 2 wks. K-3 Beaver (IASD)

2 2-3 wks. 2-3 Bird (IASD)


2-3 Land Otter (IASD)


6-9 wks. (Anc. ANE)

1 1/2 wk. (Jun. ISP)

4-5 Eels (IASD)


2-3 wks. 5-6 Rabbit Snare (IASD)

2 wks. 5-6 Blackfish (IASD)


2-wks. 4-6 Spruce Roots (IASD)

2-wks. 6-8 Berries (IASD)

Village Science

7 & 8 Village Science

7-12 Med. Plants (IASD)

7-12 Trapping (IASD) YK Trapers Handbk.

7-12 Smoke House (IASD)

9 - 12 Village Science

Return to Subsistence SPIRAL Chart
Note: IASD has other units in draft stage which could be completed.

TCC is Tanana Chiefs Conference

Fbx. ANE is Fairbanks North Star Borough School Distric, Alaska Native Education

IASD is the Iditarod Area School District

Jun.ISP is the City and Borough of Juneau Indian Studies Program


Library Resources For Developing Subsistence Curriculum

Cornelius Osgood
Ingalik Material Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press 1940
Ingalik Social Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press 1958
Ingalik Mental Culture. New Haven: Yale University Press 1959

Garibaldi, Ann. Medicinal flora of the Alaska Natives : a compilation of knowledge from literary sources of Aleut, Alutiiq, Athabascan, Eyak, Haida, Inupiat, Tlingit, Tsimshian, and Yupik traditional healing methods using plants Anchorage, Alaska : Alaska Natural Heritage Program 1999.


Relevant reports from Subsistence Division, Alaska Department of Fish and Game Technical Paper Series: General Alaskan Athabascan

Andersen, David B. 1982. Regional Subsistence Bibliography, Interior Alaska. Volume II, Number 1. Technical Paper No. 2.

Andersen, David B. and Clarence L. Alexander. 1992. Subsistence Hunting Patterns and Compliance with Moose Harvest Reporting Requirements in Rural Interior Alaska. Technical Paper No. 215.

Andersen, David B. 1992. Trapping in Alaska and the Proposed European Community Import Ban on Furs Taken with Leghold Traps. Technical Paper No. 223.

Andrews, Elizabeth and Jeff Stokes. 1984. An Overview of the Upper Kuskokwim Controlled Use Area and the Use of Moose by Area Residents, 1981-1984. Technical Paper No. 99.

Andrews, Elizabeth. 1985. Moose Hunting in the Minto Flats Management Area by Minto Permit Holders, 1984-85. Technical Paper No. 122.

Andrews, Elizabeth. 1988. The Harvest of Fish and Wildlife for Subsistence by Residents of Minto, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 137.

Andrews, Elizabeth and Michael W. Coffing. 1986. Kuskokwim River Subsistence Chinook Fisheries: An Overview. Technical Paper No. 146.

Andrews, Elizabeth. 1986. Yukon River Subsistence Fall Chum Fisheries: An Overview. Technical Paper No. 147.

Case, Martha. 1986. Wild Resource Use in Northway, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 132.

Case, Martha and Libby Halpin. 1990. Contemporary Wild Resource Use Patterns in Tanana, Alaska, 1987. Technical Paper No. 178.

Caulfield, Richard A. 1981. Final Report on the Survey of Permit Holders in the Tanana River Subsistence Salmon Permit Fishery, 1981. Technical Paper No. 14.

Caulfield, Richard A. 1980. Interim Report on the Survey of Permit Holders in the Tanana Subsistence Permit Fishery (Sub-Unit Y6-C), 1980. Technical Paper No. 15.

Caulfield, Richard A. 1983. Subsistence Land Use in Upper Yukon-Porcupine Communities, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 16.

Caulfield, Richard A., Walter J. Peter, and Clarence L. Alexander. 1983. Gwich'in Athabaskan Place Names of the Upper Yukon-Porcupine Region, Alaska: A Preliminary Report. Technical Paper No. 83.

Fall, James A. and Lee Stratton. 1984. The Harvest and Use of Copper River Salmon: A Background Report. Technical Paper No. 96.

Fall, James A. and Dan J. Foster. 1987. Fish and Game Harvest and Use in the Middle Susitna Basin: The Results of a Survey of Residents of the Road-Connected Areas of Game Management Units 14B and 16A, 1986. Technical Paper No. 143.

Fall, James A., Lee Stratton, and Robert J. Walker. Forthcoming. An Update of Subsistence Harvest and Use Information for Communities of the Copper River Basin. Technical Paper No. 180.

Halpin, Libby. 1987. Living Off the Land: Contemporary Subsistence in Tetlin, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 149.

Haynes, Terry L. 1984. The Use of Copper River Salmon and Other Wild Resources by Upper Tanana Communities, 1983-1984. Technical Paper No. 115.

Huntington, Carole C. 1981. Issue Paper on Subsistence King Salmon Drift Gillnetting, Yukon Area Subdistrict 4-A. Technical Paper No. 17.

Kari, Priscilla Russell. 1983. Land Use and Economy of Lime Village. Technical Paper No. 80.

Kari, Priscilla Russell. 1985. Wild Resource Use and Economy of Stony River Village. Technical Paper No. 108.

Marcotte, James R., Priscilla Wheeler, and Clarence L. Alexander. 1992. Fish and Game Use by Residents of Five Upper Tanana Communities, 1987-88. Technical Paper No. 168.

Martin, Gayle. 1983. Use of Natural Resources by the Residents of Dot Lake, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 19.

Martin, Gayle. 1983. Use of Natural Resources by the Residents of Dot Lake, Alaska: Executive Summary. Technical Paper No. 78.

Overturf, Jan H. 1984. Regional Subsistence Bibliography, Southcentral Alaska. Volume IV, Number 1. Technical Paper No. 97.

Shinkwin, Anne and Martha Case. 1984. Modern Foragers: Wild Resource Use in Nenana Village, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 91.

Stanek, Ronald T. 1981. Nelchina Caribou User Group Assessment. Technical Paper No. 28.

Stanek, Ronald T. 1981. Supplemental Notes: Copper River Subsistence Fisheries, 1979 and 1980. Technical Paper No. 31.

Stickney, Alice A. 1980. Subsistence Resource Utilization: Nikolai and Telida--Interim Report. Technical Paper No. 20.

Stickney, Alice A. 1981. Subsistence Resource Utilization: Nikolai and Telida--Interim Report II. Technical Paper No. 21.

Stanek, Ronald T., James A. Fall, and Dan J. Foster. 1982. Subsistence Shellfish Use in Three Cook Inlet Villages, 1981: A Preliminary Report. Technical Paper No. 34.

Stanek, Ronald T. 1987. Historical and Contemporary Trapping in the Western Susitna Basin. Technical Paper No. 134.

Stanek, Ronald T., James A. Fall and Dan J. Foster. 1988. The Harvest and Use of Fish and Game, and Plant Resources by the

Residents of Chase, Gold Creek - Chulitna, and Hurricane - Broad Pass, Southcentral Alaska. Technical Paper No. 161.

Stickney, Alice A. 1980. Report on the Survey Conducted in Tyonek, 1980. Technical Paper No. 35.

Stickney, Alice A. and Paul Cunningham. 1980. Report on the Survey of Permit Holders in the Copper River Subsistence Fishery, 1979. Technical Paper No. 36.

Stratton, Lee. 1982. The Dipnet and Fishwheel Fisheries of the Copper River, 1982. Technical Paper No. 37.

Stratton, Lee. 1982. Patterns of Use of the Nelchina Caribou Herd. Technical Paper No. 38.

Stratton, Lee. 1983. Copper Basin Caribou Use: A Research Update. Technical Paper No. 75.

Stratton, Lee and Susan Georgette. 1984. The Use of Fish and Game by Communities in the Copper River Basin, Alaska: A Report on a 1983 Household Survey. Technical Paper No. 107.

Stratton, Lee and Susan Georgette. 1985. Copper River Resource Use Map, Index, and Methodology. Technical Paper No. 124.

Stokes, Jeff and Elizabeth Andrews. 1982. Subsistence Hunting of Moose in the Upper Kuskokwim Controlled Use Area, 1981. Technical Paper No. 22.

Stokes, Jeff. 1982. Subsistence Salmon Fishing in the Upper Kuskokwim River System, 1981 and 1982. Technical Paper No. 23.

Stokes, Jeff W. 1983. Winter Moose Season in the Upper Kuskokwim Controlled Use Area, 1982-1983. Technical Paper No. 72.

Stokes, Jeff W. 1984. Natural Resource Utilization of Four Upper Kuskokwim Communities. Technical Paper No. 86.

Sumida, Valerie and Clarence L. Alexander. 1985. Moose Hunting by Residents of Beaver Birch Creek, Fort Yukon, and Stevens Village in the Western GMU 25D Permit Moose Hunt Area, 1984-85. Technical Paper No. 121.

Sumida, Valerie. 1986. Land and Resource Use Patterns in the Yukon Flats: Stevens Village. Technical Paper No. 129.

Sumida, Valerie A. and Clarence L. Alexander. 1986. Patterns of Land and Resource Use in Beaver, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 140.

Sumida, Valerie A. and David B. Andersen. 1990. Patterns of Fish and Wildlife Use for Subsistence in Fort Yukon, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 179.

Wolfe, Robert J., James R. Marcotte, David B. Andersen, Robert J. Walker, Susan Georgette, and Sherrill Peterson. Forthcoming. Fish and Game Harvest and Use in Nenana Valley, Alaska. Technical Paper No. 169.

Wolfe, Robert J. 1991. Trapping in Alaska Communities with Mixed Subsistence-Cash Economies. Technical Paper No. 217.


1. Encourage Iñupiaq subsistence curriculum development. There is a large void here. This might include contracting with someone to prepare materials from the Simon Paniak Museum for publication, as well as encouraging Elmer Jackson to further develop his draft, and NWASD to make their materials classroom ready.

2. Work with Jerry Lipka and Ciulistet to encourage publication of their materials. These materials form the backbone (or could) of subsistence materials from the Yup'ik area.

3. Encourage Aleut and Alutiiq subsistence curriculum development. There is a huge void here. I am not sure what to suggest. I have worked with Cugachmiut on subsistence curriculum, but their focus is on language materials at present. Perhaps the Alutiiq Museum and KANA might be the best bets. There is a fur seal curriculum planned for the Pribilofs, but it is only in the planning stages.

4. Encourage the publication of the TCC Headstart materials. Sara Kienzli the Director, is looking for a commercial publisher, but it would be a good idea to make contact with her again in the spring, as she is extremely busy, and may only follow up to a limited extent. If she is unable to find a commercial publisher, I would recommend that ANKN co-publish or something. She also has information of traditional child rearing practices and beliefs for the Koyukon and Gwich'in areas.

5. Fund more updating and publishing of Iditarod School District materials. It would be nice to see another 6 developed, and then all 13 published together as a book.

6. Encourage development of the Salmon Curriculum Matrix, as a way of integrating SE Alaska materials in a larger framework.

7. Stay abreast of the 7th Grade curriculum David Thunder Eagle and Pat Partnow are creating at CITC.



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Alaska Native Knowledge Network
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Last modified August 14, 2006